Atypical antipsychotics are antipsychotics that are less likely to cause certain side effects, such as extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS). They are used to relieve symptoms such as delusions, hearing voices, hallucinations, or paranoid or confused thoughts typically associated with some mental illnesses.
Antipsychotics Generally speaking, antipsychotic medications work by blocking a specific subtype of the dopamine receptor, referred to as the D2 receptor. Older antipsychotics, known as conventional antipsychotics, block the D2 receptor and improve positive symptoms.
Aripiprazole, sold under the brand name Abilify among others, is an atypical antipsychotic. It is recommended and primarily used in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Other uses include as an add-on treatment in major depressive disorder, tic disorders, and irritability associated with autism.
Asenapine, sold under the trade names Saphris and Sycrest among others, is an atypical antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia and acute mania associated with bipolar disorder. It was chemically derived via altering the chemical structure of the tetracyclic (atypical) antidepressant, mianserin.
Cariprazine, sold under the brand names Vraylar in the United States and Reagila in Europe, is an atypical antipsychotic which is used in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar mania. It acts primarily as a D 3 receptor and D 2 receptor partial agonist, with high selectivity for the D 3 receptor.
Chlorpromazine is in the typical antipsychotic class. Its mechanism of action is not entirely clear but believed to be related to its ability as a dopamine antagonist. It also has anti-serotonergic and antihistaminergic properties. Chlorpromazine was discovered in 1950 and was the first antipsychotic.
Haloperidol, marketed under the trade name Haldol among others, is a typical antipsychotic medication. Haloperidol is used in the treatment of schizophrenia, tics in Tourette syndrome, mania in bipolar disorder, nausea and vomiting, delirium, agitation, acute psychosis, and hallucinations in alcohol withdrawal.
Moban (molindone) is an antipsychotic medication belonging to the typical group of antipsychotics. It was developed to help manage the accompanying symptoms of schizophrenia. Moban is a prescription-only medication that alters the effects of dopamine in the brain, typically resulting in reduced psychoses.
Mood stabilizers, including anticonvulsants, and mostly atypical antipsychotics are the medications most often used in the treatment of bipolar disorder. Antipsychotic Medications List Antipsychotics were initially used in the treatment of psychosis associated with schizophrenia. Over time, it was noticed that antipsychotics were useful in the ...
Seroquel (quetiapine) is an antipsychotic medicine. It works by changing the actions of chemicals in the brain. Seroquel is used to treat schizophrenia in adults and children who are at least 13 years old. Seroquel is used to treat bipolar disorder (manic depression) in adults and children who are at least 10 years old.
Risperidone is mainly used for the treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and irritability associated with autism. Schizophrenia. Risperidone is effective in treating the acute exacerbations of schizophrenia. A 2013 study compared 15 antipsychotic drugs in treating schizophrenia.
Antipsychotics and stimulants both have evidence supporting efficacy at treating depression.[38–42] Research needs to be done to examine the efficacy of stimulant-antipsychotic concurrent use in depression with and without comorbid ADHD. ADHD and bipolar disorder. Atypical antipsychotics are a common and effective treatment for bipolar mania.[43,44] However, while stimulants treat ...
Trifluoperazine is not approved for use in psychotic conditions related to dementia. Trifluoperazine may increase the risk of death in older adults with dementia-related conditions. Long-term use of trifluoperazine can cause a serious movement disorder that may not be reversible.
Geodon (ziprasidone) is an antipsychotic medication. It works by changing the effects of chemicals in the brain. Geodon is used to treat schizophrenia and the manic symptoms of bipolar disorder (manic depression) in adults and children who are at least 10 years old.