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Types of Archaeology

Classical Archaeology
Classical Archaeology

Classical archaeology is the archaeological investigation of the Mediterranean civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Nineteenth-century archaeologists such as Heinrich Schliemann were drawn to study the societies they had read about in Latin and Greek texts.

Historical Archaeology
Historical Archaeology

Historical archaeologists certainly make use of written records, but not all research that involves written records is classified as “historical archaeology”. For example, the writings of Meso-American cultures are studied by archaeologists, but their work is not generally considered to be “historical archaeology”.

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The Variety of Archaeology
The Variety of Archaeology

Archaeology is the study of cultures that lived in the past. It is a subfield of anthropology, the study of human cultures. The other subfields are cultural anthropology that studies living cultures, physical anthropology that studies human biology and where humans fit among the living and extinct species of our family tree, and linguistics that studies human language.

Underwater Archaeology
Underwater Archaeology

Underwater archaeology is archaeology practiced underwater. As with all other branches of archaeology, it evolved from its roots in pre-history and in the classical era to include sites from the historical and industrial eras.

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