Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is the use of these techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior. As mentioned, behavior analysts began working with young children with autism and related disorders in the 1960s.
Many behavioral therapies have been used to treat young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), including Applied Behavior Analysis and Pivotal Response Training. Older children, teens, and adults with ASD may benefit from another intervention with a behavioral component: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT).
Floortime therapy derives from the Developmental Individual-difference Relationship-based model (DIR) created by child psychiatrists Stanley Greenspan, M.D. and Serena Wieder, PhD. Its premise is that adults can help children expand their circles of communication by meeting them at their developmental level and building on their strengths.
The Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) is a comprehensive behavioral early intervention approach for children with autism, ages 12 to 48 months. The program encompasses a developmental curriculum that defines the skills to be taught at any given time and a set of teaching procedures used to deliver this content.
Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) is one of the best studied and validated behavioral treatments for autism. Derived from applied behavioral analysis (ABA), it is play based and child initiated. Its goals include the development of communication, language and positive social behaviors and relief from disruptive self-stimulatory behaviors.
Social skills interventions for the autism spectrum: Essential ingredients and a model curriculum. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 12(1), 107-122. View Abstract; Bellini, S., Peters, J. K., Benner, L., & Hopf, A. (2007). A meta-analysis of school-based social skills interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders.
Lovaas and his colleagues were able to control the frequency of self-injury by manipulating social consequences (Lovaas et al., 1965; Lovaas & Simmons, 1969). Basically, positive attention can increase the frequency of self-injury (i.e., positive reinforcement), whereas ignoring the behavior can decrease the frequency (i.e., extinction).
Verbal Behavior Therapy (VBT) is a comprehensive language program for children and adults who suffer from delayed or disordered language. Verbal Behavior Therapy (VBT) is a comprehensive language program for children and adults who suffer from delayed or disordered language.