A set of bagpipes minimally consists of an air supply, a bag, a chanter, and usually at least one drone. Many bagpipes have more than one drone (and, sometimes, more than one chanter) in various combinations, held in place in stocks—sockets that fasten the various pipes to the bag.
This enables the drone to achieve maximum resonance delivering the full potential of your drones. The bass drone top section should also be positioned at the bottom of the hemp line on the bass mid-section. The mid-section should ride a bit lower, perhaps about the width of two fingers off the top projecting mount on the bass bottom.
Andrew's Tips: Bagpipe Chanter Reed Basics. By Andrew T. Lenz, Jr., Santa Cruz, California, ©2001 - 2012. This page is intended as a primer to the basic parts, types and use of a bagpipe chanter reed. This page is available translated (not by me) into German as a PDF file, this was the November 14, 2001 version of this page which has minor differences.
The chanter is the part of the bagpipe upon which the player creates the melody. It consists of a number of finger-holes, and in its simpler forms looks similar to a recorder. On more elaborate bagpipes, such as the Northumbrian bagpipes or the Uilleann pipes, it also may have a number of keys, to increase the instrument's range and/or the number of keys (in the modal sense) it can play in.
Tuning a bagpipe is different than tuning any other instrument because bagpipes differ from other instruments both mechanically and musically. Mechanically, the (Highland) bagpipe is really four instruments - the melody pipe (chanter) and the three drones.