Geeky Definition of Availability Bias: Availability Bias is the tendency to let an example that comes to mind easily affect decision-making or reasoning. When making decisions or reasoning, the Availability Bias occurs when a story you can readily recall plays too big a role in how you reach your conclusion.
What is Bias in Statistics? Bias is the tendency of a statistic to overestimate or underestimate a parameter. To understand the difference between a statistic and a parameter, see this article. Bias can seep into your results for a slew of reasons including sampling or measurement errors, or unrepresentative samples.
In social science research, social desirability bias is a type of response bias that is the tendency of survey respondents to answer questions in a manner that will be viewed favorably by others. It can take the form of over-reporting "good behavior" or under-reporting "bad," or undesirable behavior. The tendency poses a serious problem with conducting research with self-reports, especially ...
Survivorship bias is a type of selection bias, which results in a sample that isn’t reflective of the actual population. With survivorship bias, you concentrate on the “survivors” of a particular process. The concept sounds simple, but in reality it’s tricky to implement.