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Types of Biohazards

Animal Waste
Animal Waste

Biohazardous waste, also called infectious waste (such as blood, body fluids, and human cell lines), is waste contaminated with potentially infectious agents or other materials that are deemed a threat to public health or the environment.

Human Blood and Blood Products
Human Blood and Blood Products

Blood components for neonates and intrauterine transfusion are discussed in Chapter 10. Figure 3.1 Production of blood components and blood derivatives. Red cells. These are used to restore oxygen carrying capacity in patients with anaemia or blood loss where alternative treatments are ineffective or inappropriate.

Human Body Fluids
Human Body Fluids

Body fluids are liquids originating from inside the bodies of living humans. They include fluids that are excreted or secreted from the body. Human blood, body fluids, and other body tissues are widely recognised as vehicles for the transmission of human disease. Click here for more information on the potential health risks from bodily fluids.

Microbiological Wastes
Microbiological Wastes

Autoclavable waste bags must be used in biohazardous waste collection containers. Bags must be placed in a secondary container (i.e., tray with raised sides), which is placed on a cart for movement to the autoclave facilities.

Pathological Waste
Pathological Waste

An example of how this can be achieved is placing the waste in a designated, biohazard-labeled secondary container for storage and transport. The waste bag can then be transferred from the biohazard-labeled secondary container to a regular autoclave pan for final placement in the autoclave.

Sharps Waste
Sharps Waste

Non-contaminated waste can be disposed of as medical waste. See How to Package and Dispose of Biohazardous and Medical Waste for detailed disposal instructions. Biohazardous waste. Biohazardous waste includes the following categories: Sharps, including but not limited to hypodermic needles, blades, and slides.