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Types of Body Movements

Anatomical ​Terms of Motion​
Anatomical ​Terms of Motion​

Movement types are generally paired, with one being the opposite of the other. Body movements are always described in relation to the anatomical position of the body: upright stance, with upper limbs to the side of body and palms facing forward. Refer to Figure 1 as you go through this section.

source: opentextbc.ca
Dorsiflexion​
Dorsiflexion​

Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion are movements at the ankle joint, which is a hinge joint. Lifting the front of the foot, so that the top of the foot moves toward the anterior leg is dorsiflexion, while lifting the heel of the foot from the ground or pointing the toes downward is plantar flexion.

source: opentextbc.ca
Eversion​
Eversion​

Eversion is a movement in which the plantar surface of the foot rotates away from the mid-line of the body. Another way to describe this movement is to say that the plantar surface (sole) of the foot turns laterally, i.e. turns outwards.

source: ivyroses.com
Inversion​
Inversion​

For a single list of all the movements of the body included in this section see types of movements at joints. Short definition of Inversion: Inversion is a movement in which the plantar surface (sole) of the foot rotates towards the mid-line of the body.

source: ivyroses.com
image: imaios.com
Pronation​
Pronation​

Pronation is a movement that can be performed by the lower-arm / wrist and also by the ankle / foot. The action of pronation can be described for each: pronation of the forearm = rotation of the forearm turning the palm of the hand inwards towards the body , i.e. turning the palm inferiorly or posteriorly (the opposite of supination of the forearm).

source: ivyroses.com
Supination​
Supination​

For a single list of all the movements of the body included in this section see types of movements at joints. Supination is a movement that can occur (in different ways) at the lower-arm and wrist and also the foot/ankle.

source: ivyroses.com