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Types of Breathing Patterns

Apnea Absence of Breathing (
Apnea Absence of Breathing (

Abnormal Breathing Patterns Apnea. Absence of breathing. (Ap-knee-a) Eupnea. Normal breathing (Eup-knee-a) Orthopnea. Only able to breathe comfortable in upright position (such as sitting in chair), unable to breath laying down, (Or-thop-knee-a)

Dyspnea
Dyspnea

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea - attacks of severe shortness of breath that wakes a person from sleep, such that they have to sit up to catch their breath - common in patient's with congestive heart failure.

Eupnea Normal Breathing (Eup-Knee-a)
Eupnea Normal Breathing (Eup-Knee-a)

Abnormal Breathing Patterns Apnea. Absence of breathing. (Ap-knee-a) Eupnea. Normal breathing (Eup-knee-a) Orthopnea. Only able to breathe comfortable in upright ...

Hyperventilation
Hyperventilation

Breathing Pattern Disorder, Hyperventilation, Overbreathing Breathing Pattern Disorder (BPD) is a combination of individual symptoms which, on their own, may all be attributed to other causes, but collectively, may make up a breathing pattern disorder.

Hypoventilation
Hypoventilation

Gradual increase in volume and frequency, followed by a gradual decrease in volume and frequency, with apnea periods of 10 - 30 seconds between cycle. Described as a crescendo - decrescendo pattern. Characterized by cyclic waxing and waning ventilation with apnea gradually giving way to hyperpneic breathing.

Orthopnea
Orthopnea

Orthopnea or orthopnoea is shortness of breath (dyspnea) that occurs when lying flat, causing the person to have to sleep propped up in bed or sitting in a chair. It is commonly seen as a late manifestation of heart failure, resulting from fluid redistribution into the central circulation, causing an increase in pulmonary capillary pressure.

Tachypnea
Tachypnea

As the breathing pattern deteriorates, it merges with the Agonal breathing. 25. AGONAL BREATHING : shallow & very slow inspirations (about 3-4 breaths/min.) followed by irregular pauses of apnea. Characterized by gasping, labored breathing, accompanied by strange vocalizations.

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