A comminuted fracture occurs when a bone is broken into several parts. It is usually the result of a high-impact injury to the bone such as a fall, accident, or other trauma. People with osteoporosis may be more susceptible to this type of fracture because their bones are so fragile.
People with weak bones can get fractures by bending forward, standing from a seated position, sneezing, or strong coughing. Injuries to the spine can occur during a vehicle accident, a fall, or while playing sports. Diseases of the spine, such as cancer, infection, and avascular necrosis, can weaken your bones and cause fractures.
A greenstick fracture is a fracture in a young, soft bone in which the bone bends and breaks. Greenstick fractures usually occur most often during infancy and childhood when bones are soft. The name is by analogy with green (i.e., fresh) wood which similarly breaks on the outside when bent.
An oblique fracture is a relatively common fracture in which the bone breaks diagonally. Oblique fractures can vary in severity, depending on what bone is affected and how large the break is. Oblique fractures tend to occur on longer bones like the femur or tibia.
An open fracture, also called a compound fracture, occurs when the end of a broken bone breaks the skin open. Because of the open skin, the risk of a dangerous infection is very high with this type of fracture, and a doctor's immediate care is vital.
Common types of fractures include: Stable fracture. The broken ends of the bone line up and are barely out of place. Open, compound fracture. The skin may be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture. The bone may or may not be visible in the wound. Transverse fracture. This type of fracture has a horizontal fracture line. Oblique fracture.
Transverse fractures, relatively straight fractures perpendicular to the long axis of the injured bone, are particularly common. Bone Fracture Fixation Failure of external coaptation to stimulate healing of the transverse fracture dictated treatment with surgical stabilization.