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Types of Bruises

Intramuscular Bruises Occur in the Underlying Muscles
Intramuscular Bruises Occur in the Underlying Muscles

Black and blue marks are often associated with bruises. A bruise, or contusion, appears on the skin due to trauma. Examples of trauma are a cut or a blow to an area of the body. The injury causes tiny blood vessels called capillaries to burst. Blood gets trapped below the skin’s surface, which causes a bruise. Bruises can occur at any age. Some bruises appear with very little pain, and you ...

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Periosteal Bruises Occur on the Bones
Periosteal Bruises Occur on the Bones

A bone bruise, also referred to as a bone contusion, typically occurs when the bone or the surrounding tissues, blood vessels and/or ligaments is injured or damaged. The trauma causes the bone to experience tiny fractures (breaks) that are often too small to detect on an X-ray.

Subcutaneous Bruises Occur Just Beneath the Skin
Subcutaneous Bruises Occur Just Beneath the Skin

Black and blue marks are often associated with bruises. A bruise, or contusion, appears on the skin due to trauma. Examples of trauma are a cut or a blow to an area of the body. The injury causes tiny blood vessels called capillaries to burst. Blood gets trapped below the skin’s surface, which causes a bruise. Bruises can occur at any age.