Hīnayāna is a Sanskrit term literally meaning the "smaller vehicle", applied to the Śrāvakayāna, the Buddhist path followed by a śrāvaka who wishes to become an arhat. The term appeared around the first or second century. Hīnayāna is often contrasted with Mahāyāna, which means the "great vehicle".
Mahayana Buddhism emerged in the first century CE as a more accessible interpretation of Buddhism. As the "Greater Vehicle" (literally, the "Greater Ox-Cart"), Mahayana is a path available to people from all walks of life - not just monks and ascetics.
Pure Land Buddhism. Pure Land Buddhism (Chinese: 淨土宗; pinyin: Jìngtǔzōng; Japanese: 浄土仏教 Jōdo bukkyō; Korean: Hangul: 정토종; RR: Jeongto-jong; Vietnamese: Tịnh độ Tông), also referred to as Amidism in English, is a broad branch of Mahayana Buddhism and one of the most widely practiced traditions of Buddhism in East Asia.
In this 1999 interview, Richard Gere talks about his many years of Buddhist practice, his devotion to his teacher the Dalai Lama, and his work for Tibetan freedom. I suppose it’s a sign of our current cynicism that we find it hard to believe celebrities can also be serious people.
Buddhism claims to have evolved into different forms so that it can be relevant to every culture and to each new generation. As a result of this “flexibility,” there is, actually, very little “pure” Buddhism being practiced in the world today.