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Types of Cactus Plants

Acanthocalycium
Acanthocalycium

The plants remain small in size (up to 15-20 cm in height for 10-15 cm in diameter) and therefore there is usually no need for repotting. Various species of Acanthocalycium reproduce by seed, which must be used fresh and placed in a wet soil.

Ariocarpus
Ariocarpus

Ariocarpus is a genus of 8 species of succulent, subtropical plants of the Cactaceae family. The name comes from the ancient Greek "aria" (an oak type) and "carpos" (=fruit) because of the resemblance of the fruit of the two genus in acorn form.

Astrophytum
Astrophytum

Cactus collectors love the little Astrophytum star cactus. It is a spineless cactus with a chubby round body resembling a sand dollar. Star cactus plants are easy to grow and make an interesting part of a succulent or arid garden display.

Barbary fig
Barbary fig

Opuntia ficus-indica is more commonly known as a Barbary fig. This desert plant has been used for centuries as food, fending, and even dye. Growing Barbary fig plants, as long as you live in the right climate, is both rewarding and useful.

image: alamy.com
Blue Myrtle-Cactus
Blue Myrtle-Cactus

Blue, Myrtle, Cactus, Myrtillocactus, ... Xeriscape Landscaping Plants For The Arizona Desert Environment. ... Blue Myrtle Cactus. Myrtillocactus geometrizans, ...

source: delange.org
image: delange.org
Cephalocereus
Cephalocereus

Cephalocereus Etymology-From the Greek word kephale, meaning head and the Latin word cereus, meaning a wax taper (candle). Cephalocereus is not an especially fast growing genus and the plants are large columnar species up to nearly 50 feet (15m).

Cephalocereus Senilis
Cephalocereus Senilis

Gardening: Cephalocereus senilis is a very popular cactus in warm climate desert gardening, grown for its woolly appearance. It is great for inexperienced gardeners and those that like low maintenance gardens, but this cacti is a frost tender.

Cereus
Cereus

Cereus is a genus of cacti (family Cactaceae) including around 33 species of large columnar cacti from South America. The name is derived from Greek (κηρός) and Latin words meaning "wax" or "torch".

Cereus Jamacaru
Cereus Jamacaru

The genus Cereus was one of the first cactus genera to be described; the circumscription varies depending on the authority. The term "cereus" is also sometimes used for a ceroid cactus, any cactus with a very elongated body, including columnar growth cacti and epiphytic cacti.

Cereus Repandus
Cereus Repandus

The genus Cereus was one of the first cactus genera to be described; the circumscription varies depending on the authority. The term "cereus" is also sometimes used for a ceroid cactus, any cactus with a very elongated body, including columnar growth cacti and epiphytic cacti.

Chollas
Chollas

Cholla cactus are found in all of the hot deserts of the American Southwest, with different species having adapted to different locale and elevation ranges. Most require coarse, well-drained soil in dry, rocky flats or slopes.

source: desertusa.com
Cleistocactus
Cleistocactus

Cleistocactus strausii . Size: * 4 ", $4.25. 6 ", $15.00. 2 gallon, $25.00. 5 gallon, $65.00. ... If you are ever in China you can see plants from the Cactus King.

Copiapoa
Copiapoa

Plants Belonging to the Genus 'Copiapoa' Copiapoa : ... These cactus have adapted to meeting their water need from the fog that often blanket the coast, ...

Coryphantha
Coryphantha

Coryphantha is a genus that consists of relatively small, globose plants that have grooved tubercles instead of ribs. Other genera are similar to Coryphantha including Mammillaria and Escobaria.

image: ebay.co.uk
Discocactus
Discocactus

Flowering plants form a wooly terminal cephalium out of which rise the white flowers on the end of a long, thin floral tube. The nocturnal flowers are highly fragrant and touted by many growers as the best smelling of all cactus flowers.

image: etsy.com
Disocactus
Disocactus

How It Looks: The Disocactus ackermannii grows in a fern-like manner, arching toward the ground. Stems begin as round bases that grow to 7 inches (18 cm) long. Once this has finished growing, future cactus segments will begin as plump sections which will mature into flat segments up to 30 inches (75 cm) long each.

Echinocactus
Echinocactus

Cactus fertilizer differs from other fertilizers in that ... The potting mix should be one that is designated for cacti because cactus plants need a potting mix that ...

Echinocereus
Echinocereus

The Plants Database includes the following 28 species of Echinocereus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles.

image: picclick.com
Epiphyllum
Epiphyllum

Epiphyllum are epiphytic cacti as their name suggests. Some call them orchid cactus due to their large bright blooms and growth habit. Epiphytic plants grow on other plants, not in a parasitic fashion but as hosts. They are not cold hardy and generally can be found only as houseplants or greenhouse specimens.

Escobaria
Escobaria

The Plants Database includes the following 19 species of Escobaria .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles.

Espostoa
Espostoa

The genus Espostoa consists of a dozen or so species from Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. They are columnar plants that mostly branch at the base to form a series of stems reminiscent of a big city skyline.

Ferocactus
Ferocactus

Fishhook cactus (Ferocactus wislizenii) is also known as Arizona barrel cactus, candy barrel cactus or Southwestern barrel cactus. Although the clusters of curved white, gray or brown, fishhook-like spines are rather dull, the reddish-orange or yellow flowers are more colorful.

Golden Barrel Cactus
Golden Barrel Cactus

Set your Golden Barrel Cactus outside, or in a window that receives full sun. Water your Golden Barrel Cactus until the soil feels moist. Do not water the plant again until the soil is almost completely dried out. Golden Barrel Cactus plants are extremely drought tolerant and don't do well in soil that is sopping wet.

Gymnocalycium
Gymnocalycium

Gymnocalycium Etymology - From the Greek words gymnos, meaning "naked" and kalyx, meaning "bud". It is fairly easy to place an unknown cactus into the genus Gymnocalycium especially with a flower bud.

Hatiora
Hatiora

Hatiora is a small genus of epiphytic cacti which belongs to the tribe Rhipsalideae within the subfamily Cactoideae of the Cactaceae. Some Hatiora species are well known and widely cultivated ornamentals, known as Easter cactus or Whitsun cactus.

Hedgehog Cacti
Hedgehog Cacti

Hedgehog cactus (genus Echinocereus), any of about 50 species of the family Cactaceae, native from central Mexico to the western United States. The common name hedgehog refers to the spiny fruit. Hedgehog cacti are cylindroid, usually many-headed, and often soft-bodied.

Hylocereus
Hylocereus

The plants may branch frequently and grow quite high up ... Flowers of Hylocereus are the largest in the cactus family with the largest easily exceeding ...

Large-Flowered Cactus
Large-Flowered Cactus

Cactus are great plants, ... Cactus Flowers: The OTHER reason to grow cacti. ... Turbinocarpus is another large group of small plants that I frankly no nothing about; ...

Lophophora
Lophophora

Lophophora williamsii (also called Peyote cactus or Peyotl) is native to the Northern parts of Mexico and to Texas USA. The flowers of Lophophora williamsii are usually pink but white flowers are also found sometimes (Lophophora williamsii v. albiflora).

Mammillaria
Mammillaria

Images of Mammillaria plant and pictures. Mammillaria is a part of Cactaceae (cacti) – the botanical family, which today includes nearly 2 000 various species native to the American continent. Perhaps, one of the particular identification marks of these plants is the absence of leaves, only spines set on the body. Many people believe that every spined plant is already a cactus, which is not true.

Melocactus
Melocactus

Melocactus: The melocactus -- also known as Turk's head cactus, Turk's cap cactus, and melon cactus -- is a large, ribbed, ball-shaped or cylindrical plant that develops a cap ("cephalium") on the top of the plant at maturity.

image: etsy.com
Mexican Giant Cactus
Mexican Giant Cactus

Pachycereus pringlei - Mexican Giant Cardon is the tallest cactus species in the world, with a maximum recorded height of 63 feet (19.2 m), with a stout...

Moonlight Cactus
Moonlight Cactus

Purchased plants will come with moon cactus info that relates to the plants care and cultivation needs. In the event that it doesn’t, care of moon cactus is similar to any succulent or cactus species.

Organ Pipe Cactus
Organ Pipe Cactus

Organ-pipe cactus, (Stenocereus thurberi), Spanish pitaya dulce, large species of cactus (family Cactaceae), native to Mexico and to southern Arizona in the United States. Organ-pipe cactus is characteristic of warmer rocky parts of the Sonoran Desert in Baja California, Sonora (Mexico), and southern Arizona.

Pachycereus
Pachycereus

Pachycereus pringlei, also known as Mexican giant cardon or elephant cactus, is a species of cactus native to northwestern Mexico in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, and Sonora. It is commonly known as cardón, a name derived from the Spanish word cardo, meaning "thistle".

Parodia
Parodia

Species currently and historically included in the genus Parodia are very popular in cultivation. Many of them are easy to grow, have intriguing stems and spines and flower easily with brightly-colored flowers.

Parodia Magnifica
Parodia Magnifica

Parodia magnifica is an attractive species with globular to barrel-shaped, blue green stems which may also bear a light dusting of a whitish, waxy bloom.

Pereskia
Pereskia

Online Plant Guide: Pereskia grandiflora/Rose Cactus; The American Naturalist: Pereskia and the Origin of the Cactus Life-Form; University of Oklahoma Department of Microbiology & Plant Biology: Plant of the Week: Pereskia Corrugata ; Purdue University NewCrop: Barbados Gooseberry Pereskia Aculeata Mill. About the Author. Cathryn Chaney has worked as a gardening writer since 2002. Her ...

image: ebay.com
Pereskia Aculeata
Pereskia Aculeata

Pereskia aculeata is a scrambling shrub in the family Cactaceae. Common names include Barbados gooseberry, blade-apple cactus, leaf cactus, rose cactus, and lemonvine. It is native to tropical America.

Peyote
Peyote

Lophophora williamsii /loʊˈfɒfərə wɪlˈjæmsiaɪ/ or peyote (/pəˈjoʊti/) is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline.

Pilosocereus
Pilosocereus

Pilosocereus is a genus of cacti distributed throughout Mexico, the Caribbean, and Brazil. Containing many species, Pilosocereus includes both cacti that are quite commonly used in cultivation and some that are so rare as to be almost unknown outside botanical sources.

source: thespruce.com
Prickly Pear
Prickly Pear

Prickly pear plant is an excellent arid garden specimen. Growing prickly pear in colder climates can be done in containers. Read this article to find tips on growing prickly pear cactus plants. Growing prickly pear in colder climates can be done in containers. Read this article to find tips on growing prickly pear cactus plants.

image: edupic.net
Queen of the Night
Queen of the Night

The Queen of the Night cactus (Epiphyllum oxypetalum) has frequently been the guest of honor at late-night parties, since it performs only during the dark hours. As it flaunts fragrant white flowers up to 1 foot long, however, it is worth waiting up for.

Rebutia
Rebutia

Soil: A rich, fast-draining cactus mix is ideal. Fertilizer: During the growing season, fertilize with a cacti fertilizer mix. Suspend feeding during the dormant winter period. Propagation. Rebutia cacti can be propagated easily from offsets, which readily in clusters around the base of the mother plant.

source: thespruce.com
Rhipsalis
Rhipsalis

Mistletoe cactus (Rhipsalis baccifera) is a tropical succulent native to rainforests in warm regions. The grownup name for this cactus is Rhipsalis mistletoe cactus. This cactus is found in Florida, Mexico and Brazil. Surprisingly, growing Rhipsalis requires shade to partial shade.

Saguaro
Saguaro

The saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea) is one of the defining plants of the Sonoran Desert. These plants are large, tree-like columnar cacti that develop branches (or arms) as they age, although some never grow arms.

San Pedro Cactus
San Pedro Cactus

Trichocereus Pachanoi, aka San Pedro, is a columnar cactus native to the Andean mountains of Peru, and Ecuador. Some of the indigenous names for San Pedro are: huachuma, chuma, and wachuma. It is one of the four most sacred plants of Peru, along with Tobacco, Ayahuasca and Coca.

image: ebay.com
Schlumbergera
Schlumbergera

How to Care for a Christmas Cactus. A beautiful holiday plant (botanically known as Schlumbergera or Zygocactus), the Christmas Cactus unsurprisingly blooms at Christmas and also sometimes around Easter time if cared for properly.

source: wikihow.com
Stenocactus
Stenocactus

The Stenocactus genus includes globular cactus with a distinctive wavy rib pattern, instead of straight ribs. Native to Mexico, the original genus included only about 10 species, although Hertrichocereus and Echinofossulocactus are now included in this group, expanding the number of species to about 30.

source: thespruce.com
Turbinicarpus
Turbinicarpus

Turbinicarpus Etymology - From the Latin turbinatus meaning top-shaped and the Greek carpos meaning body - a reference to the top-shaped growth of the stems. Alphabetically, the genus Turbinicarpus is the last of the various cactus from North-Central Mexico that are extremely popular among collectors.