The .38 Smith & Wesson Special (commonly .38 Special, .38 Spl, or .38 Spc, pronounced "thirty-eight special") is a rimmed, centerfire cartridge designed by Smith & Wesson. It is most commonly used in revolvers, although some semi-automatic pistols and carbines also use this round.
The .45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol), or .45 Auto (11.43×23mm) is a handgun cartridge designed by John Browning in 1905, for use in his prototype Colt semi-automatic pistol. After successful military trials, it was adopted as the standard chambering for Colt's M1911 pistol, being named .45 ACP.
7.62x39mm A Russian round, the 7.62x39mm cartridge is designed to be used in SKS rifles and AK-47s. Since their importation, these rounds have steadily grown in popularity among owners of bolt-action rifles and semi-automatic such as the Ruger Mini-30.
FMJ bullets perform very well ballistically, and don't lose accuracy or speed in your weapon. Because of this, the full metal jacket bullet type is extremely popular and every major manufacturer sells an assortment of it – including Aguila, Prvi Partizan, and Golden Bear.
The jacketed hollow point (JHP) is designed to expand rapidly when hitting its target, which increases the effectiveness of the bullet and decreases the chances of over-penetration. Jacketed hollow points come in a massive variety, separated by shape, design or simply the company that manufactures them.
Lead Round Nose Features. Lead Nose: Although it is a time-tested and proven material, lead and the potential for contamination is becoming a problem on some public land. One of the best features that is lost when a shift from lead is made is the loss of the weight of the lead.
A bullet is only one part of a cartridge. The ammunition used in a rifle or handgun is called a cartridge (or a metallic cartridge). There are two general types of cartridges available today: centerfire and rimfire. Many years ago people used a larger number of different rimfire cartridges.
A semiwadcutter or SWC is a type of all-purpose bullet commonly used in revolvers. The SWC combines features of the wadcutter target bullet and traditional round nosed revolver bullets, and is used in both revolver and pistol cartridges for hunting, target shooting, and plinking.
Semi-Jacketed Soft Point Uses. This bullet can be used in most any application – home defense, big game hunting, target shooting, varmint control and more. Where an FMJ bullet is designed to retain its shape, this one is designed to deform and provide greater energy transference.
The semi-jacketed hollow point (SJHP) is a bullet designed to give you all the stopping power and expansion of a normal hollow point, but with more penetration. The partial jacket acts as a platform for creating a predictable and uniform mushrooming effect upon impact with a target.
A wadcutter is a special-purpose flat-fronted bullet specially designed for shooting paper targets, usually at close range and at subsonic velocities typically under approximately 900 ft/s. Wadcutters have also found favor for use in self-defense guns, such as.38 caliber snub-nosed revolvers, where due to short barrel lengths, maximum bullet velocities are usually low, typically under 900 ft/s, and improved lethality is desired. Wadcutters are often used in handgun and airgun competitions.