An air contrast barium enema is a test for your colon. These days, doctors don’t use it as often to look for colorectal cancer. Instead, it’s more common to get a colonoscopy, which can find smaller polyps and colorectal cancers that a barium enema might not show.
A barium X-ray is a radiographic (X-ray) examination of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Barium X-rays (also called upper and lower GI series) are used to diagnose abnormalities of the GI tract, such as tumors, ulcers and other inflammatory conditions, polyps, hernias, and strictures.
Since their introduction in the 1950s, organic radiographic iodinated contrast media (ICM) have been among the most commonly prescribed drugs in the history of modern medicine. The phenomenon of present-day radiologic imaging would be lacking without these agents.