A forearm crutch (also commonly known as an elbow crutch, Canadian crutch or "Lofstrand" crutch due to a brand by this name) has a cuff at the top that goes around the forearm. It is used by inserting the arm into a cuff and holding the grip. The hinged cuff, most frequently made of plastic or metal, can be a half-circle or a full circle with a V-type opening in the front allowing the forearm to slip out in case of a fall.
(3) Move the left crutch forward. (4) Move the right foot forward. (5) Repeat this sequence of crutch-foot-crutch-foot for desired ambulation. Figure 1-8. 4-point crutch walking gait. b. The 3-point gait (see figure 1-9) is used when the patient should not bear any weight on the affected leg.
Leg support crutches: These are like a knee scooter where the affected leg is strapped into a support frame on wheels. Leg support crutches are particularly useful for below the knee injuries or postoperatively after below-the-knee surgery that affect one leg only.
Place crutches forward. Step with weaker leg. Step with stronger leg. Tips for walking with crutches. Carry items in a backpack. Do not hang or lean on your crutches. Support all your weight on your hands, not under your arms ; Maintain good posture when walking. Wear shoes that fit well, support your feet, and are comfortable.
The USA predominantly prescribes the axilla crutch while the Rest of World seems to prefer the forearm crutch. This query examines secondary injury, patient safety, range of mobility, ease of use, energy expenditure, and pain and fatigue associated with crutch-walk gait for all user types.