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Types of Deciduous Trees

Alder (Alnus Glutinosa)
Alder (Alnus Glutinosa)

The European Alder is botanically called Alnus glutinosa . The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 8 - 25 m (26 - 82 ft) – also multi-stemmed high. The leaves are roundish and the flowers are brown. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, feucht.

Alder Buckthorn (Frangula Alnus)
Alder Buckthorn (Frangula Alnus)

What does alder buckthorn look like? Overview: mature trees can grow to a height of 6m. The outer bark is dark brown but the inner bark is bright yellow when exposed. Unlike purging buckthorn, the branches and stems are smooth and thornless. The twigs are smooth and straight, purple-brown in colour and have fine white streaks.

Ash (Fraxinus Excelsior)
Ash (Fraxinus Excelsior)

The Ash is botanically called Fraxinus excelsior. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are greenish. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be loamy to clayey.

Aspen (Populus Tremula)
Aspen (Populus Tremula)

Interesting fact: the scientific name 'tremula' means to 'tremble' and refers to the way the leaves flutter and move in the slightest breeze. What does aspen look like? Overview: also known as quaking aspen, it is a beautiful tree with shimmering foliage. Mature trees grow to 25m.

Beech, Common (Fagus Sylvatica)
Beech, Common (Fagus Sylvatica)

Beech is associated with femininity and is often considered the queen of British trees, where oak is the king. In Celtic mythology, Fagus was the god of beech trees. It was thought to have medicinal properties – beech leaves were used to relieve swellings, and boiling the leaves could make a poultice.

Birch, Downy (Betula Pubescens)
Birch, Downy (Betula Pubescens)

Downy birch is a deciduous broadleaf tree native to the UK and northern Europe and northern Asia. Common name: downy birch, moor birch, white birch, common white birch, European white birch Scientific name: Betula pubescens

Birch, Silver (Betula Pendula)
Birch, Silver (Betula Pendula)

Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens which is more common in Scotland. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland.

Buckthorn, Purging (Rhamnus Cathartica)
Buckthorn, Purging (Rhamnus Cathartica)

Purging buckthorn, known simply as buckthorn, is commonly found around Britain. Find out what it looks like, the butterflies it supports and its use as dye. Find out what it looks like, the butterflies it supports and its use as dye.