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Types of Defects

Aortic Valve Stenosis (AVS) What is it?
Aortic Valve Stenosis (AVS) What is it?

Stenosis (narrowing or obstruction) of the aortic valve makes the left ventricle pump harder to get blood past the blockage. Insufficiency (also called regurgitation) is when blood that's just been pumped through the valve leaks backwards into the pumping chamber between heartbeats.

source: heart.org
image: heart.org
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) What is it?
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) What is it?

Sometimes, if the ASD is an unusual position within the heart, or if there are other heart defects such as abnormal connections of the veins bringing blood from the lungs back to the heart (pulmonary veins), the ASD can't be closed with the catheter technique.

source: heart.org
Coarctation of the Aorta
Coarctation of the Aorta

Coarctation of the aorta is a birth defect in which a part of the aorta is narrower than usual.If the narrowing is severe enough and if it is not diagnosed, the baby may have serious problems and may need surgery or other procedures soon after birth.

source: cdc.gov
Complete Atrioventricular Canal Defect
Complete Atrioventricular Canal Defect

Atrioventricular canal defect is a combination of heart problems resulting in a defect in the center of the heart. The condition occurs when there's a hole between the heart's chambers and problems with the valves that regulate blood flow in the heart.

image: heart.org
Ebstein's Anomaly
Ebstein's Anomaly

Ebstein's anomaly is a congenital heart defect in which the septal and posterior leaflets of the tricuspid valve are displaced towards the apex of the right ventricle of the heart. It's classified as a critical congenital heart defect accounting for <1% of all congenital heart defects presenting in ≈1 per 200,000 live births.

Healthy Heart Function What is it?
Healthy Heart Function What is it?

The American Heart Association explains how the healthy heart works. ... Healthy Heart Function; Common Types of Heart Defects - Aortic Valve Stenosis (AVS)

source: heart.org
I-Transposition of the Great Arteries
I-Transposition of the Great Arteries

CDC works to identify causes of birth defects and ... of the Great Arteries (d-TGA)? Dextro-Transposition ... In transposition of the great arteries, ...

source: cdc.gov