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Types of Diabetes Insipidus

Acquired Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Acquired Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (also known as renal diabetes insipidus) is a form of diabetes insipidus primarily due to pathology of the kidney. This is in contrast to central/neurogenic diabetes insipidus, which is caused by insufficient levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH, that is, arginine vasopressin or AVP).

Congenital Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Congenital Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (also known as renal diabetes insipidus) is a form of diabetes insipidus primarily due to pathology of the kidney.This is in contrast to central/neurogenic diabetes insipidus which is caused by insufficient levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH that is arginine vasopressin or AVP).

Desmopressin for Treating Neurogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Desmopressin for Treating Neurogenic Diabetes Insipidus

Central diabetes insipidus is completely unrelated to diabetes, even though they share the symptoms of peeing more and feeling thirsty. It's also called "central DI," "pituitary DI," "hypothalamic DI," "neurohypophyseal DI," or "neurogenic DI." Central DI is much less common than diabetes, and treatments for the two diseases are different.

source: webmd.com
Dipsogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Dipsogenic Diabetes Insipidus

Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus is similar to other manifestations of this disorder, especially in regards to neurogenic versions. It causes extreme thirst, which creates an increased fluid intake. This creates an excessive need to urinate because of the high fluid levels.

Gestational Diabetes Insipidus Which Occurs During Pregnancy
Gestational Diabetes Insipidus Which Occurs During Pregnancy

Women who become pregnant is the only population demographic that is affected by gestational diabetes insipidus. It occurs when the placenta forms to support the growing fetus inside the womb. The placenta helps to transition nutrients and wastes between mother and child and in most cases, does so quite successfully.

Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is not the same as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus causes elevated blood sugar levels. But nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is due to a problem in the kidneys. In nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, the kidneys can't respond to a hormone that regulates fluid balance.

source: webmd.com
Neurogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Neurogenic Diabetes Insipidus

Central diabetes insipidus is completely unrelated to diabetes, even though they share the symptoms of peeing more and feeling thirsty. It's also called "central DI," "pituitary DI," "hypothalamic DI," "neurohypophyseal DI," or "neurogenic DI." Central DI is much less common than diabetes, and treatments for the two diseases are different.

source: webmd.com