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Types of Dialect

Africa: Equatoguinean Spanish
Africa: Equatoguinean Spanish

Equatoguinean Spanish (Spanish: Español ecuatoguineano) is the variety of Spanish spoken in Equatorial Guinea. This is the only Spanish variety that holds national official status in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Canary Islands: Canarian
Canary Islands: Canarian

Canarian Spanish (Spanish: español de las Canarias, español canario, habla canaria, isleño, dialecto canario or vernacular canario) is a variant of standard Spanish spoken in the Canary Islands by the Canarian people.

Case Grammar
Case Grammar

In German, grammatical case is largely preserved in the articles and adjectives, but nouns have lost many of their original endings. Below is an example of case inflection in German using the masculine definite article and one of the German words for "sailor".

Cognitive Grammar
Cognitive Grammar

Cognitive linguistics (CL) is an interdisciplinary branch of linguistics, combining knowledge and research from both psychology and linguistics. It describes how language interacts with cognition, how language forms our thoughts, and the evolution of language parallel with the change in the common mindset across time.

Comparative Grammar
Comparative Grammar

Comparative grammar is the branch of linguistics primarily concerned with the analysis and comparison of the grammatical structures of related languages or dialects. The term comparative grammar was commonly used by 19th-century philologists.

source: thoughtco.com
Construction Grammar
Construction Grammar

In linguistics, construction grammar groups a number of models of grammar that all subscribe to the idea that knowledge of a language is based on a collection of "form and function pairings". The "function" side covers what is commonly understood as meaning, content, or intent; it usually extends over both conventional fields of semantics and pragmatics.

image: prozhe3.ir
Descriptive and Prescriptive Grammar
Descriptive and Prescriptive Grammar

A descriptive grammar is built up by analyzing how speakers use a language, and deducing the rules they are following. A prescriptive grammar is a set of explicit rules for using language that are taught, or enforced, so that people will use the language in a particular way.

source: quora.com
Generative Grammar
Generative Grammar

Generative grammar is a linguistic theory that regards grammar as a system of rules that generates exactly those combinations of words that form grammatical sentences in a given language. Noam Chomsky first used the term in relation to the theoretical linguistics of grammar that he developed in the late 1950s.

Gibralter: Llanito
Gibralter: Llanito

Andalusian Spanish from the surrounding Campo de Gibraltar is the main constituent of Llanito, but it is also heavily influenced by British English. However, it borrows words and expressions of many other languages, with over 500 words of Genoese medieval dialect (with additionally some of Hebrew origin).

image: thelocal.es
Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG)
Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG)

Lexical functional grammar (LFG) is a grammar framework in theoretical linguistics with constraint-based and generative varieties. It is a type of phrase structure grammar, as opposed to a dependency grammar.

Lexicogrammar
Lexicogrammar

Lexicogrammar is a term used in systemic functional linguistics (SFL) to emphasize the interdependence of--and continuity between--vocabulary and syntax . The term lexicogrammar (literally, lexicon plus grammar) was introduced by linguist M.A.K. Halliday. Adjective: lexicogrammatical.

source: thoughtco.com
SPAIN (Peninsular Spanish): Castilian
SPAIN (Peninsular Spanish): Castilian

Castilian Spanish comes from the province of Castille (central and northern Spain) and is the most widely spoken Spanish in the world. It is commonly referred to as “Peninsular Spanish,” since it’s almost universally used throughout the Iberian peninsula with the exception of Portugal.

source: quora.com
The Americas: Latin American Spanish
The Americas: Latin American Spanish

The different varieties of the Spanish language spoken in the Americas are distinct from Peninsular Spanish and Spanish spoken elsewhere, such as in Africa and Asia. Linguistically, this grouping is somewhat arbitrary, akin to having a term for "overseas English" encompassing variants spoken in the United States, Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand and Ireland, but not the Island of Britain.