Aminopeptidases degrade peptides into amino acids. Lactase, a dairy sugar, converts lactose to glucose. Cholecystokinin aids digestion of proteins and fats. Secretin, as a hormone controls, the secretion of the duodenum. Sucrase converts sucrose to disaccharides and monosaccharides. Maltase converts maltose to glucose. Isomaltase converts isomaltose.
Amylase is a digestive enzyme that acts on starch in food, breaking it down into smaller carbohydrate molecules. The enzyme is made in two places. First, salivary glands in your mouth make salivary amylase, which begins the digestive process by breaking down starch when you chew your food, converting it into maltose, a smaller carbohydrate.
Gelatinase. Gelatinase is an enzyme found in the human digestive tract that breaks down collagen and gelatin. Along with peptides, gelatinase works to break proteins into smaller chains of amino acids. Gelatinase enzymes also work in the remodeling of tissues in the body and reproduction.
Enzymes are substances made of protein that help stimulate chemical reactions. One of these enzymes crucial to human health is called lipase. What is lipase exactly? Lipase is one of our most vital digestive enzymes released mainly by the pancreas into the small intestine to help the body process and absorb fats.
Although amylase, protease and lipase are the three main enzymes your body uses to digest food, many other specialized enzymes also help in the process. Cells that line your intestines make enzymes called maltase, sucrase and lactase, each able to convert a specific type of sugar into glucose.