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Types of Digestive Enzymes

Aminopeptidases Degrade Peptides Into Amino Acids
Aminopeptidases Degrade Peptides Into Amino Acids

Aminopeptidases degrade peptides into amino acids. Lactase, a dairy sugar, converts lactose to glucose. Cholecystokinin aids digestion of proteins and fats. Secretin, as a hormone controls, the secretion of the duodenum. Sucrase converts sucrose to disaccharides and monosaccharides. Maltase converts maltose to glucose. Isomaltase converts isomaltose.

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Amylase
Amylase

Amylase is a digestive enzyme that acts on starch in food, breaking it down into smaller carbohydrate molecules. The enzyme is made in two places. First, salivary glands in your mouth make salivary amylase, which begins the digestive process by breaking down starch when you chew your food, converting it into maltose, a smaller carbohydrate.

Cholecystokinin Aids Digestion of Proteins and Fats
Cholecystokinin Aids Digestion of Proteins and Fats

... mixes food with secretions to begin enzymatic digestion of proteins. ... aid digestive enzymes by breaking fat ... cholecystokinin in response to proteins ...

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Gelatinase
Gelatinase

Gelatinase. Gelatinase is an enzyme found in the human digestive tract that breaks down collagen and gelatin. Along with peptides, gelatinase works to break proteins into smaller chains of amino acids. Gelatinase enzymes also work in the remodeling of tissues in the body and reproduction.

Lipase
Lipase

Enzymes are substances made of protein that help stimulate chemical reactions. One of these enzymes crucial to human health is called lipase. What is lipase exactly? Lipase is one of our most vital digestive enzymes released mainly by the pancreas into the small intestine to help the body process and absorb fats.

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Nucleases Split Nucleic Acids Into Nucleotides
Nucleases Split Nucleic Acids Into Nucleotides

Monomer that makes up nucleic acids; consists of three parts: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. dna Forms the genes; in eukaryotic cells it is found in the cell nucleus and mitochondria; codes for proteins.

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Protease
Protease

Although amylase, protease and lipase are the three main enzymes your body uses to digest food, many other specialized enzymes also help in the process. Cells that line your intestines make enzymes called maltase, sucrase and lactase, each able to convert a specific type of sugar into glucose.

Sucrase Converts Sucrose to Disaccharides and Monosaccharides
Sucrase Converts Sucrose to Disaccharides and Monosaccharides

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