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Types of Dwarfism

Achondrogenesis
Achondrogenesis

Achondrogenesis is a number of disorders that are the most severe form of congenital chondrodysplasia (malformation of bones and cartilage). These conditions are characterized by a small body, short limbs, and other skeletal abnormalities.

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Achondroplasia
Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is a form of short-limbed dwarfism. The word achondroplasia literally means "without cartilage formation." Cartilage is a tough but flexible tissue that makes up much of the skeleton during early development.

Acrodysostosis
Acrodysostosis

Acrodysostosis Type II; ... that relies on fundraising and generous donations. Its committee is made up of both people with dwarfism and average height individuals, ...

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Acromesomelic Dysplasia (Acromesomelic Dysplasia Maroteaux Type, AMDM)
Acromesomelic Dysplasia (Acromesomelic Dysplasia Maroteaux Type, AMDM)

Acromesomelic dysplasia (AMD) is characterized by inhibition of growth of certain long bones (i.e. bones of the forearms and lower legs). As a result, affected individuals exhibit unusually short forearms and lower legs and short stature (short-limbed dwarfism).

Atelosteogenesis
Atelosteogenesis

A dwarf is a person of short stature - under 4' 10" as an adult. More than 200 different conditions can cause dwarfism. A single type, called achondroplasia, causes about 70 percent of all dwarfism. Achondroplasia is a genetic condition that affects about 1 in 15,000 to 1 in 40,000 people.

Campomelic Dysplasia
Campomelic Dysplasia

Campomelic dysplasia is a severe disorder that affects development of the skeleton, reproductive system, and other parts of the body. This condition is often life-threatening in the newborn period. This condition is often life-threatening in the newborn period.

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Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia (CHH) (Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, McKusick Type)
Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia (CHH) (Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, McKusick Type)

McKusick type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, also known as cartilage-hair hypoplasia, is a rare progressive inherited disorder characterized by unusually fine, sparse hair and short stature with abnormally short arms and legs (short-limbed dwarfism).

Chondrodysplasia Punctata
Chondrodysplasia Punctata

The term “chondrodysplasia” includes a number of conditions that are caused by changes in the genes. They’re often linked to dwarfism, which stunts the growth of many parts of the body, especially the bones.

source: webmd.com
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