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Types of Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a degenerative brain disease found in athletes, military veterans, and others with a history of repetitive brain trauma. In CTE, a protein called Tau forms clumps that slowly spread throughout the brain, killing brain cells.

Glycine Encephalopathy
Glycine Encephalopathy

Glycine encephalopathy is a genetic, or inherited, condition in which there are abnormally high levels of glycine (an amino acid) in the brain. Symptoms of glycine encephalopathy usually appear in infants soon after birth.

image: medlibes.com
Hashimoto's Encephalopathy
Hashimoto's Encephalopathy

Hashimoto's encephalopathy, also known as steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), is a neurological condition characterized by encephalopathy, thyroid autoimmunity, and good clinical response to steroids. It is associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It was first described in 1966.

Hepatic Encephalopathy
Hepatic Encephalopathy

Hepatic encephalopathy is a decline in brain function that occurs as a result of severe liver disease. In this condition, your liver can’t adequately remove toxins from your blood. This causes a buildup of toxins in your bloodstream, which can lead to brain damage.

Hypertensive Encephalopathy
Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Hypertensive encephalopathy Hypertensive encephalopathy is a result of severely high blood pressure that goes untreated for too long. This can cause your brain to swell, leading to brain damage and hypertensive encephalopathy.

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

With hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, the brain is deprived of oxygen, and brain cells are injured. Some may recover, some may die. The most common causes of oxygen deprivation to the brain are low levels of oxygen in the blood or a reduced flow of oxygen to the brain.

Infectious Encephalopathies
Infectious Encephalopathies

The encephalopathy usually resolves when the underlying chemical imbalance is restored or offending infection/toxin removed. Infectious encephalopathies Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are also known as prion diseases. Prions are proteins that occur naturally in the body, but they can mutate and cause diseases that gradually damage ...

Toxic-Metabolic Encephalopathy
Toxic-Metabolic Encephalopathy

Acute toxic-metabolic encephalopathy (TME), which encompasses delirium and the acute confusional state, is an acute condition of global cerebral dysfunction in the absence of primary structural brain disease .

source: uptodate.com