Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ in women where fetal development occurs. Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer.
About 90% of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer have abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as a change in their periods or bleeding between periods or after menopause. This symptom can also occur with some non-cancerous conditions, but it is important to have a doctor look into any irregular bleeding right away.
Pelvic pain Often hard to determine the cause from the outside, if you go to a general practitioner for pelvic pain, you may be referred to a gynecologist. Pelvic pain can begin in the area under the belly button, and you may experience acute pelvic pain, which is when the pain comes on suddenly for the first time, or persistent or recurrent pelvic pain, which is a continuous, chronic and more intense pain.
Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread to other areas of the body. To learn more about how cancers start and spread, see What Is Cancer? Uterine sarcoma is a rare cancer that starts in the muscle and supporting tissues of the uterus (womb).
Stage 3 uterine cancer is the third phase of four phases of cancer of the uterus. Uterine cancer is also referred to as endometrial cancer. In stage 3 uterine cancer, the disease has spread to the cervix. Cancer has also spread to other areas of the pelvis in stage 3, which can include the vagina, other nearby tissue, and even lymph nodes. However, cancer cells have still not spread to the bladder, intestines, or other, more distant parts of the body in stage 3.
Vaginal bleeding after menopause During menopause, if you are taking a hormone replacement therapy you may experience a little bit of vaginal bleeding as the blood vessels in the lining of the uterus become fragile and break because of the lack of estrogens.