Endometriosis is when the lining of your uterus, the endometrium, grows outside of the uterus and attaches to other parts of your body. This can be very painful, especially during your period. If you think you might have it, knowing what it feels like is the first step in getting help.
The Effect of Endometriosis on Fertility and Infertility Background. The endometrium is the tissue that lines the inside of the uterine cavity. Endometriosis is a disease state in which some of this tissue has spread elsewhere - such as to the ovaries, or elsewhere in the abdominal cavity.
Abdominal cramps or back pain during menstruation; Severe menstrual cramps; Painful bowel movements or urination, especially during menstruation; Abnormal or heavy bleeding during periods; Painful sex; Difficulty becoming pregnant; Diagnosis. If you have any symptoms of endometriosis or are having difficulty becoming pregnant, contact your gynecologist.
Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include: Painful periods (dysmenorrhea). Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before your period and extend several days into your period. You may also have lower back and abdominal pain. Pain with intercourse. Pain during or after sex is common with endometriosis. Pain with bowel movements or urination.