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Types of Engraving

Digital Printing: Inkjet & Xerography
Digital Printing: Inkjet & Xerography

Digital printing refers to methods of printing from a digital-based image directly to a variety of media. It usually refers to professional printing where small-run jobs from desktop publishing and other digital sources are printed using large-format and/or high-volume laser or inkjet printers.

Drypoint
Drypoint

Drypoint is most often used with other printmaking techniques. It can be used to give dark accents to a nearly completed etching, for example, or it can be used first to sketch in lightly on a copperplate the proposed design for a line engraving.

Engraving
Engraving

The other engraving is quite a different affair: the ship hove-to upon the open sea, and in the very heart of the Leviathanic life, with a Right Whale alongside; the vessel (in the act of cutting-in) hove over to the monster as if to a quay; and a boat, hurriedly pushing off from this scene of activity, is about giving chase to whales in the distance.

Etching
Etching

Once the photo-etching process is complete, the plate can be worked further as a normal intaglio plate, using drypoint, further etching, engraving, etc. The final result is an intaglio plate which is printed like any other.

Flexography
Flexography

The Graphic Arts Technical Foundation and the Foundation of the Flexographic Technical Association present The Flexographic Printing Process. This audiovisual is intended to introduce the viewer to the printing process of flexography and to provide an overview of the versatile flexographic printing industry.

Gravure
Gravure

Also called conventional gravure engraving, diffusion-etch is the oldest method of gravure cylinder engraving. It uses two film positives, one of which is a film positive of the image (solid areas, text, or continuous-tone, variable-density image) the other being a special gravure screen, containing between 100:200 lines per inch.

source: printwiki.org
image: era.eu.org
Intaglio
Intaglio

In intaglio printing, the lines to be printed are cut into a metal plate by means either of a cutting tool called a burin, held in the hand – in which case the process is called engraving; or through the corrosive action of acid – in which case the process is known as etching.

Linocut
Linocut

A linocut is a type of relief print. Relief printing is when a piece of paper is “stamped” with ink from the top surface of the plate. Other types of relief prints are woodcuts and engraving.

Mezzotint
Mezzotint

Mezzotint is a printmaking process of the intaglio family, technically a drypoint method. It was the first tonal method to be used, enabling half-tones to be produced without using line- or dot-based techniques like hatching, cross-hatching or stipple.

image: rubylane.com
Offset Lithography
Offset Lithography

A lithograph is a type of printing process during which original works of art can be printed and reproduced; the final product is also known as a lithograph, which is an authorized copy of an original work created by an artist or other skilled craftsmen.

source: wisegeek.org
image: ebth.com
Planography
Planography

Planographic printing means printing from a flat surface, as opposed to a raised surface (as with relief printing) or incised surface (as with intaglio printing). Lithography and offset lithography are planographic processes that rely on the property that water will not mix with oil.

Relief
Relief

Relief Engraving Of the all the types of ornamental hand engraving, relief engraving is considered by many to be ultimate in rich treatment. What sets relief work apart is the removal of the background, or negative space, leaving a raised design.

source: igraver.com
image: omni-cnc.com
Relief Printing
Relief Printing

The relief family of techniques includes woodcut, metalcut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut, rubber stamp, foam printing, potato printing, and some types of collagraph. Traditional text printing with movable type is also a relief technique.

Screen Printing
Screen Printing

Fast and simplified engraving methods for flexo and dry-offset. SPGPrints offers digital Pre-press systems for imaging plates, screens and sleeves. These bring enormous performance improvements to manufacturing processes for labels, textiles and numerous industrial printing applications, including wallcovering and pad printing.

source: spgprints.com
Woodcut
Woodcut

Woodcut is a relief printing technique in printmaking. An artist carves an image into the surface of a block of wood—typically with gouges—leaving the printing parts level with the surface while removing the non-printing parts.

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