Those symptoms include: abdominal pain, usually sharp or cramping and lasting seconds to minutes. nausea and/or vomiting. fatigue, lethargy, or sleep following seizures. altered level of consciousness, such as confusion or unresponsiveness. convulsive seizures known as generalized tonic-clonic seizures.
Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) is an uncommon form of epilepsy that runs in families. This disorder causes seizures that usually occur at night (nocturnally) while an affected person is sleeping. Some people with ADNFLE also have seizures during the day.
Benign infantile epilepsy (BIE), also known as benign infantile seizures (BIS), is an epilepsy syndrome of which several forms have been described. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classify two main forms of the syndrome (familial and nonfamilial) though several other forms have been described in the academic literature.
Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) is an epilepsy syndrome with absence seizures that begin in young children. Absence seizures look like staring spells during which the child is not aware or responsive. The child's eyes may roll up briefly or the eyes may blink.
Epilepsia partialis continua (also called Kojevnikov's or Kozhevnikov's epilepsia) is a rare type of brain disorder in which a patient experiences recurrent motor epileptic seizures that are focal (hands and face), and recur every few seconds or minutes for extended periods (days or years).
Epileptic spasms. Epileptic spasms, also known as infantile spasms, juvenile spasms, or West syndrome is an uncommon-to-rare epileptic disorder in infants, children and adults. It is named after the English physician, William James West (1793–1848), who first described it in an article published in The Lancet in 1841.
Generalized seizures, which are different from partial seizures, appear to start in all parts of the brain simultaneously and have no identifiable onset. Many generalized seizures start and spread so quickly it is impossible to identify the source.
Lafora progressive myoclonus epilepsy is a brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures (epilepsy) and a decline in intellectual function. The signs and symptoms of the disorder usually appear in late childhood or adolescence and worsen with time.
Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare form of epilepsy. LKS usually begins in children between 2 and 8 years old. It affects both sexes equally. A progressive loss of speech is typically seen in a child with previous age-appropriate development. It usually affects the child's understanding of spoken language the most.
Myoclonic astatic epilepsy (MAE), also known as Doose syndrome, is an epilepsy syndrome of early childhood usually characterized by difficult to control generalized seizures. Children will experience drop and staring seizures, sometimes associated with falls.
Nocturnal seizures can also occur upon waking. Most often, nocturnal seizures are partial seizures. Nocturnal seizures are associated with certain types of epilepsy, including: juvenile myoclonic ; awakening grand mal ; benign rolandic, also called benign focal epilepsy of childhood; electrical status epilepticus of sleep; Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) frontal onset seizures ; Nocturnal seizures disrupt sleep.
Progressive myoclonus epilepsy. Progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME) is a rare epilepsy syndrome caused by a variety of genetic disorders. The syndrome includes myoclonic seizures and tonic-clonic seizures together with progressive neurological decline.
Rasmussen's encephalitis. [edit on Wikidata] Rasmussen's encephalitis, also known as chronic focal encephalitis (CFE), is a rare inflammatory neurological disease, characterized by frequent and severe seizures, loss of motor skills and speech, hemiparesis (weakness on one side of the body), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and dementia.
Reflex seizures may occur in reflex epilepsy (also known as environmental epilepsy). They may also occur in other epilepsy syndromes or independently. They are seizures which are the result of sensory stimulation caused by the environment. The best known is photosensitive epilepsy.