Kant’s deontological ethics DEONTOLOGY Deontologists believe that morality is a matter of duty. We have moral duties to do things which it is right to do and moral duties not to do things which it is wrong to do. Whether something is right or wrong doesn’t depend on its consequences. Rather, an action is right or wrong in itself.
Study Guide: John Stuart Mill’s Ethics Mill’s ethical theory Hedonic Utilitarianism, which is a form of consequentialism: The permissibility of actions is determined by examining their outcomes and comparing those outcomes with what would have happened if some other action had been performed.
Beneficence should not be confused with the closely related ethical principle of nonmaleficence, which states that one should not do harm to patients. This principle acts as an obligation for nurses to protect their patients from harm by removing and preventing bad situations and promoting good ones.
But justice is not the only principle to consider in making ethical decisions. Sometimes principles of justice may need to be overridden in favor of other kinds of moral claims such as rights or society's welfare. Nevertheless, justice is an expression of our mutual recognition of each other's basic dignity, and an acknowledgement that if we are to live together in an interdependent community we must treat each other as equals.
For a “Quick and Dirty Overview” of ethical theory, please consult St. Olaf Assistant Professor of Philosophy Jason Marsh’s short guide titled “What is Ethics?” In the most general sense, ethic s considers the good and bad, the right and wrong, and the virtuous and vicious in persons and actions.