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Types of Ethical Theories

Aristotle
Aristotle

Aristotle's Ethics Abstract: Aristotle's ethics is a common sense ethics built on naturalism and self-realization. Of all the classical theories considered here, his is the farthest from an ethics of self-interest.

Immanuel Kant: Deontology
Immanuel Kant: Deontology

Kant’s deontological ethics DEONTOLOGY Deontologists believe that morality is a matter of duty. We have moral duties to do things which it is right to do and moral duties not to do things which it is wrong to do. Whether something is right or wrong doesn’t depend on its consequences. Rather, an action is right or wrong in itself.

John Rawls: Contractarianism
John Rawls: Contractarianism

John Rawls’ “Hypothetical” Contract A thinker who espoused contractarian moral philosophy was the Harvard philosopher John Rawls, whose book A Theory of Justice is the single most influential philosophical ethics text of the past thirty years.

John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism
John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism

Study Guide: John Stuart Mill’s Ethics Mill’s ethical theory Hedonic Utilitarianism, which is a form of consequentialism: The permissibility of actions is determined by examining their outcomes and comparing those outcomes with what would have happened if some other action had been performed.

source: www2.isu.edu
Plato
Plato

Plato's theory of ethics, known as the Theory of Forms, stipulates that a person's well-being aims for the highest level of morality, but a person's virtues provide the skills necessary to attain a desired level of morality.

source: reference.com
Principle of Beneficence, and
Principle of Beneficence, and

Beneficence should not be confused with the closely related ethical principle of nonmaleficence, which states that one should not do harm to patients. This principle acts as an obligation for nurses to protect their patients from harm by removing and preventing bad situations and promoting good ones.

source: study.com
Principle of Justice
Principle of Justice

But justice is not the only principle to consider in making ethical decisions. Sometimes principles of justice may need to be overridden in favor of other kinds of moral claims such as rights or society's welfare. Nevertheless, justice is an expression of our mutual recognition of each other's basic dignity, and an acknowledgement that if we are to live together in an interdependent community we must treat each other as equals.

source: scu.edu
Principle of Nonmaleficence,
Principle of Nonmaleficence,

The principle of non ... What Are the Ethical Principles of Non-Maleficence ... There are four fundamental ethical principles and five major ethical theories.

source: reference.com
Principle of Respect for Autonomy,
Principle of Respect for Autonomy,

Ethical Theories and Principles. Ethical theories and principles are the foundations of ethical analysis because they are the viewpoints from which guidance can be obtained along the pathway to a decision.

source: scribd.com
St
St

For a “Quick and Dirty Overview” of ethical theory, please consult St. Olaf Assistant Professor of Philosophy Jason Marsh’s short guide titled “What is Ethics?” In the most general sense, ethic s considers the good and bad, the right and wrong, and the virtuous and vicious in persons and actions.

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