A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Types of Explorers

Amerigo ​Vespucci​
Amerigo ​Vespucci​

Navigator and explorer Amerigo Vespucci, the third son in a cultured family, was born on March 9, 1451, (some scholars say 1454) in Florence, Italy. Although born in Italy, Vespucci became a naturalized citizen of Spain in 1505.

source: biography.com
Christopher ​Columbus​
Christopher ​Columbus​

Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was born in 1951 in Sydney, Australia. His home was on the sea and Christopher longed to become an explorer and sailor. However, as a young man, Christopher went to Portugal and got involved in the map making business with his brother, Bartholomew. This business made Columbus a rich man. His books of maps are still found today in every library in the world.

Ferdinand ​Magellan​
Ferdinand ​Magellan​

Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480–1521) was born in Sabrosa, Portugal, to a family of minor Portuguese nobility. At age 12 Ferdinand Magellan (Fernão de Magalhães in Portuguese and Fernando de Magallanes in Spanish) and his brother Diogo traveled to Lisbon to serve as pages at Queen Leonora’s court.

source: history.com
Francis Drake​
Francis Drake​

Francis Drake was the eldest of 12 sons born to Mary Myllwaye (spelled "Mylwaye" in some cases) and Edmund Drake. Edmund was a farmer on the estate of Lord Francis Russell, the second earl of Bedford.

source: biography.com
Francisco ​Pizarro​
Francisco ​Pizarro​

Pizarro was assassinated on June 26, 1541, in Lima, Peru, by vengeful members of an enemy faction of conquistadors. Early Years. Conquistador Francisco Pizarro was born, an illegitimate child, circa 1476, in Trujillo, Spain—an area stricken by poverty. His father, Captain Gonzalo Pizarro, was a poor farmer.

source: biography.com
Henry ​Hudson​
Henry ​Hudson​

On his fourth voyage, Hudson came upon the body of water that would later be called the Hudson Bay. Early Life. Considered one of the world's most famous explorers, Henry Hudson, born in England circa 1565, never actually found what he was looking for.

source: biography.com
Hernando de ​Soto​
Hernando de ​Soto​

Explorer and conquistador Hernando de Soto was born c. 1500 to a noble but poor family in Jerez de los Caballeros, Spain. He was raised at the family manor. A generous patron named Pedro Arias Dávila funded de Soto's education at the University of Salamanca.

source: biography.com
Jacques ​Cartier​
Jacques ​Cartier​

Jacques Cartier Island, located on the tip of the Great Northern Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador in the town of Quirpon, is said to have been named by Jacques Cartier himself on one of his voyages through the Strait of Belle Isle during the 1530s.

John Cabot​
John Cabot​

Explorer John Cabot made a British claim to land in Canada, mistaking it for Asia, during his 1497 voyage on the ship Matthew. Who Was John Cabot? John Cabot (c. 1450, disappeared May 1498), born Giovanni Caboto, was a Venetian explorer and navigator known for his 1497 voyage to North America, where he claimed land in Canada for England.

source: biography.com
Juan Ponce ​de León​
Juan Ponce ​de León​

Juan Ponce de León ventured to the peninsula in 1513 and 1521. Because he landed on the peninsula during the Easter season (Spanish: Pascua Florida [“Season of Flowers”]) and because of the vegetation he found there, Ponce de León named the area Florida.

Samuel de ​Champlain​
Samuel de ​Champlain​

Samuel de Champlain was a French explorer and cartographer best known for establishing and governing the settlements of New France and the city of Quebec. Synopsis French explorer Samuel de Champlain was born in 1574 in Brouage, France.

source: biography.com
image: storify.com
Vasco da ​Gama​
Vasco da ​Gama​

Explorer Vasco da Gama was born into a noble family around 1460 in Sines, Portugal. Little is known about his upbringing except that he was the third son of Estêvão da Gama, who was commander of the fortress in Sines in the southwestern pocket of Portugal.

source: biography.com
Vasco Núñez ​de Balboa​
Vasco Núñez ​de Balboa​

Vasco Núñez de Balboa (c. 1475 – around January 12–21, 1519) was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. He is best known for having crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513, becoming the first European to lead an expedition to have seen or reached the Pacific from the New World.