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Types of Extremophiles

Acidophiles
Acidophiles

Mechanisms of adaptation to acidic environments Most acidophile organisms have evolved extremely efficient mechanisms to pump protons out of the intracellular space in order to keep the cytoplasm at or near neutral pH. Therefore, intracellular proteins do not need to develop acid stability through evolution. However, other acidophiles, such as

Halophiles
Halophiles

As nouns the difference between halophile and extremophile is that halophile is (biology) an organism that lives and thrives in an environment of high salinity, often requiring such an environment; a form of extremophile while extremophile is (biology) an organism that lives under extreme conditions of temperature, salinity etc; commercially important as a source of enzymes that operate under similar conditions.

source: wikidiff.com
Halophiles Thrive in High Salt Conditions
Halophiles Thrive in High Salt Conditions

Halophiles - Organisms that live in environments with very high concentrations of salt. Example: Halobacterium salinarum can exist in the Dead Sea.

Thermophiles are Heat
Thermophiles are Heat

Adapting to Extreme Heat. One type of extremophiles is called thermophiles. These organisms can survive at very high temperatures. In the 1960s, heat resistant bacteria were discovered in hot springs in Yellowstone National Park.

source: lco.global
Types of Extremophiles Psychrophiles
Types of Extremophiles Psychrophiles

Extremophiles known as psychrophiles are known to survive at these low temperatures. Different species have come up with different ways to survive these cold temperatures. Some have developed substances, such as glycerol or antifreeze proteins which lower the freezing point of water by several degrees.

source: lco.global
Xerophiles
Xerophiles

Fungal Xerophiles (Osmophiles) Olga Vinnere Pettersson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, ... Extremophiles 8: 53–61. Vinnere Pettersson O, ...

source: els.net

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