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Types of eye Diseases

Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a problem with your retina. It happens when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a problem with your retina.

source: aao.org
image: medimoon.com
Amblyopia
Amblyopia

Amblyopia commonly starts when one eye has much better focus than the other. Sometimes, one is more farsighted or has lots of astigmatism, but the other doesn’t. When your child's brain gets both a blurry image and a clear one, it starts to ignore the blurry one.

source: webmd.com
Bulging Eyes
Bulging Eyes

An autoimmune disorder called Graves’ disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and bulging eyes. In this condition, tissues around your eye become inflamed. This creates the bulging effect. Anyone can develop Graves’ disease. Women in their 20s and 30s are at highest risk of the condition, reports the Office on Women’s Health.

image: imgkid.com
Cataract
Cataract

See a simulation of what vision with cataract looks like. What Causes Cataracts? Aging is the most common cause. This is due to normal eye changes that happen after around age 40. That is when normal proteins in the lens start to break down. This is what causes the lens to get cloudy.

source: aao.org
Cataracts
Cataracts

Inside our eyes, we have a natural lens. The lens bends (refracts) light rays that come into the eye to help us see. The lens should be clear, like the top lens in the illustration. Vision Problems with Cataracts. If you have a cataract, your lens has become cloudy, like the bottom lens in the illustration.

source: aao.org
Cataracts in Babies
Cataracts in Babies

This is what doctors call it when babies are born with cataracts. They may be caused by infection, injury, or poor development in the womb. Or, they can form in childhood. Secondary. These happen as a result of other medical conditions, like diabetes.

source: webmd.com
image: aap.org
CMV Retinitis
CMV Retinitis

Cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMV retinitis), caused by the cytomegalovirus, is a serious viral eye infection of the retina. It is most often found in people with Cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMV retinitis), caused by the cytomegalovirus, is a serious viral eye infection of the retina.

source: aao.org
Color Blindness
Color Blindness

Mild color blindness happens when all three cone cells are present but one cone cell does not work right. It detects a different color than normal. There are different degrees of color blindness. Some people with mild color deficiencies can see colors normally in good light but have difficulty in dim light. Others cannot distinguish certain colors in any light. The most severe form of color blindness, in which everything is seen in shades of gray, is uncommon.

source: aao.org
Crossed Eyes (Strabismus)
Crossed Eyes (Strabismus)

Strabismus is a visual problem in which the eyes are not aligned properly and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward, outward, upward, or downward.

source: aao.org
Diabetic Macular Edema
Diabetic Macular Edema

When fluid seeps into your retina, it can cause diabetic macular edema. The leaking makes your retina swell, which hampers the work of your macula, the special, sensitive part that gives you sharp vision.

source: webmd.com
Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy

People with diabetes can have an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy. This is when high blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels can swell and leak.

source: aao.org
Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, ... Dry eye syndrome is a common eye disease. It affects 5–34% of people to some degree depending on the population looked at.

Glaucoma
Glaucoma

Types of glaucoma. There are two major types of glaucoma. Primary open-angle glaucoma. This is the most common type of glaucoma. It happens gradually, where the eye does not drain fluid as well as it should (like a clogged drain). As a result, eye pressure builds and starts to damage the optic nerve.

source: aao.org
Macular Degeneration
Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss, more than cataracts and glaucoma combined. It is considered an incurable eye disease, but it is treatable. Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss, more than cataracts and glaucoma combined.

source: macular.org
Refractive Errors
Refractive Errors

Refractive errors occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on the retina. The length of the eyeball (longer or shorter), changes in the shape of the cornea, or aging of the lens can cause refractive errors.

source: nei.nih.gov
Retinal Detachment or Tear
Retinal Detachment or Tear

Retinal tear and retinal detachment. Usually, the vitreous moves away from the retina without causing problems. But sometimes the vitreous pulls hard enough to tear the retina in one or more places. Fluid may pass through a retinal tear, lifting the retina off the back of the eye — much as wallpaper can peel off a wall.

source: aao.org