The conventional fire apparatus which can also be called a fire appliance, fire tender, fire engine, water ladder, pumper or pump-ladder has several methods of pumping water onto the fire. The most common method is to pass water from a pump through hoses to the fire.
Doug Kelley, product manager for KME, says, "We have definitely seen smaller hazardous materials vehicles, but we've also seen the expansion of the definition of a hazardous materials truck." In the past, most hazmat vehicles were large heavy rescue-style rigs or big trailers, Kelley notes.
A heavy rescue vehicle is a type of specialty firefighting or emergency medical services apparatus. They are primarily designed to provide the specialized equipment necessary for technical rescue situations such as traffic collisions requiring vehicle extrication, building collapses, confined space rescue, rope rescues and swiftwater rescues.
A hydraulic platform, also known as articulating booms, snorkels and platform trucks,is a specialized aerial work platform designed for firefighting use. They have a number of functions, which follow the same principles as the turntable ladder, providing high level access and elevated water pump positions.
Philadelphia obtained a hand-pumped fire engine in 1719, years after Lynn's 1654 model appeared there, made by Joseph Jencks, but before New York's two engines arrived from London. Knox fire engine, one of the first modern fire engines, manufactured in 1905 in Springfield, Massachusetts by the Knox Automobile Company.
A fire engine (also known in some territories as a fire truck or fire appliance) is a vehicle designed primarily for firefighting operations. The terms "fire engine" and "fire truck" are often used interchangeably; however in some fire departments/fire services they refer to separate and specific types of vehicle.