The female sand flea, also called Chigoe fleas or Tunga penetrans, is responsible for causing the parasitic disease Tungiasis. The disease is associated with poverty as it is mainly seen in poorer communities around the Caribbean islands, South America and Africa.
Ctenocephalides felis is an obligate ectoparasite whose main hosts are cats. Cat fleas also parasitize dogs, rabbits, horses, skunks, foxes, mongooses, koalas, and poultry. Cat fleas are vectors for murine typhus and intermediate hosts of the most common tapeworm that infects cats and dogs, Dipylidium caninum.
Habitat and Physical description of Pulex Irritans. When it needs to feed, the adult Pulex Irritans is found on the host’s body. It prefers temperate, tropical and terrestrial habitats. The life cycle of human fleas consists of eggs, larvae and pupa and these are commonly seen in human homes along with the adult fleas.
The Pulicidae are a flea family in the order Siphonaptera. Currently, this family has 181 species in 27 genera. Of these, 16 are known from North America. Like all 2,500 Siphonoptera, the Pulicidae are ectoparasites. These fleas are wingless, laterally flattened, and great jumpers.