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Types of Flounder

Alaska Plaice​
Alaska Plaice​

Alaska plaice Alaska plaice can live for up to 30 years and grow to 60 centimetres (24 inches) long, but most that get caught are only seven or eight years old, and about 30 cm (12 in).

American ​Plaice​
American ​Plaice​

Like the European plaice, the American plaice is a right eyed flatfish belonging to the Pleuronectidae family. American plaice are an Atlantic species, which range from southern Labrador to Rhode Island. They are also found in Europe, where they are called rough dab or long rough dab.

Arctic Flounder​
Arctic Flounder​

The Arctic flounder' (Liopsetta glacialis), also known as the Christmas flounder, eelback flounder and Polar plaice, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on coastal mud bottoms in salt, brackish and fresh waters at depths of up to 90 metres (300 ft).

image: alamy.com
Arrowtooth ​Flounder​
Arrowtooth ​Flounder​

Beware the Arrowtooth Flounder! Will Owen | Jul 30, 2015 03:32 PM I was looking for a nice small piece of catfish to have for breakfast – fried catfish and eggs is a favorite of mine – but all my neighborhood Ralphs had was some nuggets, and really big fillets in the case.

source: chowhound.com
Atlantic ​Halibut​
Atlantic ​Halibut​

Flounder is a general term for flatfish. The confusion comes in because three types of flatfish are known as flounders. These are the winter flounder, the yellowtail flounder, and the summer flounder. The other two flatfish, American plaice and Atlantic halibut, are also flounders, although their name does not contain the word.

Barfin ​Flounder​
Barfin ​Flounder​

The barfin flounder (Verasper moseri) is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae.It is a demersal fish that lives on sandy, muddy bottoms at depths of up to 900 metres (3,000 ft).

Bering ​Flounder​
Bering ​Flounder​

The name "flounder" is used for several only distantly related species, though all are in the suborder Pleuronectoidei (families Achiropsettidae, Bothidae, Pleuronectidae, Paralichthyidae, and Samaridae).

image: wikiwand.com
Blackfin ​Flounder​
Blackfin ​Flounder​

The blackfin flounder (Glyptocephalus stelleri) is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae.It is a demersal fish that lives in temperate waters at depths of between 8 and 1,600 metres (26 and 5,249 ft), though it is most commonly found between 15 and 800 metres (49 and 2,625 ft).

image: wikiwand.com
California ​Halibut​
California ​Halibut​

California halibut can be found with both eyes on either the left side (60%) or the right side (40%). The color is dark brown to black on the eyed side and white on the blind side. Their numerous teeth, very large mouth and a high arch in the middle of the "top" side above the pectoral fin make them easily distinguishable from other flatfish.

image: etsy.com
Common dab​
Common dab​

The common dab (Limanda limanda) is an edible flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish native to shallow seas around Northern Europe, in particular the North Sea, where it lives on sandy bottoms down to depths of about 100 metres (330 ft). It can reach 40 centimetres (16 in) in length and can weigh up to 1 kilogram (2.2 lb), though most specimens grow no longer than 20 centimetres (7.9 in).

English Sole​
English Sole​

Sole is a fish belonging to several families. Generally speaking, they are members of the family Soleidae, but, outside Europe, the name sole is also applied to various other similar flatfish, especially other members of the sole suborder Soleoidei as well as members of the flounder family.

European ​Flounder​
European ​Flounder​

The European flounder (Platichthys flesus) is a flatfish of European coastal waters from the White Sea in the north to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea in the south. It has been introduced into the United States and Canada accidentally through transport in ballast water.

Fine Flounder​
Fine Flounder​

The name "flounder" is used for several only distantly related species, though all are in the suborder Pleuronectoidei (families Achiropsettidae, Bothidae, Pleuronectidae, Paralichthyidae, and Samaridae).

Flathead Sole​
Flathead Sole​

The flathead sole (Hippoglossoides elassodon) is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on soft, silty or muddy bottoms at depths of up to 1,050 metres (3,440 ft).

image: 21food.com
Greenland ​Halibut​
Greenland ​Halibut​

Halibut and flounders differ in size, scales, teeth and the way in which they lie on the ocean floor. Halibut and flounders are both flatfish, but they are only distantly related within that taxon. They are often mistaken for one another. Halibut are the largest of the flatfish, with some ...

source: reference.com
Gulf Flounder​
Gulf Flounder​

Southern flounder occur from North Carolina, across the Gulf of Mexico, and southward into Mexico, with the exception of both coasts of southern Florida. The Gulf flounder is found in a continuous range from North Carolina, along both coasts of Florida, across the Gulf of Mexico to Texas.

source: gcrl.usm.edu
Gulf Sanddab​
Gulf Sanddab​

Description: The body of the starry flounder is broad, relatively short, somewhat diamond shaped and compressed. The head is relatively short and the eyes and mouth are small, the lower jaw slightly projecting. While a member of the right-eyed flounder family; the majority of starry flounders are left-eyed.

Hippoglossina ​Oblonga​
Hippoglossina ​Oblonga​

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae (Large-tooth flounders) Etymology: Hippoglossina: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).

source: fishbase.org
Horned Whiff​
Horned Whiff​

The name "flounder" is used for several only distantly related species, though all are in the suborder Pleuronectoidei (families Achiropsettidae, Bothidae, Pleuronectidae, Paralichthyidae, and Samaridae).

Mediterranean ​Scaldfish​
Mediterranean ​Scaldfish​

Flounder is baked in a Parmesan tomato sauce made with Italian herbs and seasonings, olives, and white wine.

image: alamy.com
Microstomus ​Pacificus​
Microstomus ​Pacificus​

Microstomus pacificus (Lockington, 1879) Synonyms; ... is a Pacific flatfish of the flounder family which ranges from Baja California to the Bering Sea.

Mimic ​Sanddab​
Mimic ​Sanddab​

The mimic sanddab (Citharichthys gordae) is a species of sanddab in the large-tooth flounder family Paralichthyidae. It is native to the eastern Pacific Ocean, found off the coast of Mexico. It has a limited distribution, found in the Magdalena Bay and along the Baja California peninsula, as well as part of the Gulf of California.

image: snipview.com
Olive Flounder​
Olive Flounder​

The olive flounder, bastard halibut or Japanese halibut (Paralichthys olivaceus) is a temperate marine species of large-tooth flounder native to the north-western Pacific Ocean. It is often referred to as the Japanese flatfish or Korea(n) flatfish (광어) when mentioned in the context of those countries.

image: buykorea.org
Pacific Halibut​
Pacific Halibut​

In order to identify which flounder you have caught, you need to look at the lateral line, what side the eyes are on, mouth size and tail. The winter flounder is the most commonly caught flatfish. The halibut is the least common.

image: hubpages.com
Pacific ​Sanddab​
Pacific ​Sanddab​

Description: The body of the Pacific sanddab is oblong and compressed. The head is deep; the eyes are on the left-side and are large. The color is light brown mottled with yellow and orange on the eyed side and white on the blind side.

Paralichthys ​Lethostigma​
Paralichthys ​Lethostigma​

Paralichthys lethostigma, the southern flounder, is a species of large-tooth flounders native to the eastern and gulf coasts of the United States. It is a popular sports fish and is the largest and most commercially valuable flounder in the western North Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.

Peacock ​Flounder​
Peacock ​Flounder​

The peacock flounder (Bothus mancus), also known as the flowery flounder, is a species of fish in the family Bothidae (lefteye flounders). The species is found widely in relatively shallow waters in the Indo-Pacific, also ranging into warmer parts of the east Pacific.

Petrale Sole​
Petrale Sole​

The Petrale sole (Eopsetta jordani) is an edible flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on sandy bottoms, usually in deep water, down to depths of about 550 metres (1,800 ft).

Ridged-eye ​Flounder​
Ridged-eye ​Flounder​

The ridged-eye flounder (Pleuronichthys cornutus), also known as the frog flounder, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae.

Rikuzen ​Flounder​
Rikuzen ​Flounder​

Fluke or Flounder – What is the Difference. ... Summer flounder (fluke) ... Who Is The Reluctant Gourmet?

Rock Sole​
Rock Sole​

The rock sole (Lepidopsetta bilineata) is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on sand and gravel bottoms at depths of up to 575 metres (1,886 ft), though it is most commonly found between 0 and 183 metres (0 and 600 ft).

Samaridae​
Samaridae​

Taxonomy. The name "flounder" is used for several only distantly related species, though all are in the suborder Pleuronectoidei (families Achiropsettidae, Bothidae, Pleuronectidae, Paralichthyidae, and Samaridae).

Scale-eye ​Plaice​
Scale-eye ​Plaice​

Scale-eye plaice The scale-eye plaice is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives at depths from between 18 metres (59 ft) to 900 metres (3,000 ft).

Shotted ​Halibut​
Shotted ​Halibut​

Halibut is a common name principally applied to the two flatfish in the genus Hippoglossus from the family of right-eye flounders. Less commonly, and in some regions only, other species of flatfish are also referred to as being halibuts.

Slender Sole​
Slender Sole​

The difference between sole and flounder is that the best quality sole come from deep waters around Europe, whereas flounder rarely venture into the depths. Sole are edible flatfish in the flounder family, and both are sea fishes. The most heavily fished type of flounder is the European flounder ...

source: reference.com
Small ​Sanddab​
Small ​Sanddab​

How to cook and prepare sand dabs, or any small flounder. Sanddabs, as they are also known, are best pan-dressed. They are abundant on the Pacific coast.

image: snipview.com
Southern ​Flounder​
Southern ​Flounder​

Southern flounder occur from North Carolina, across the Gulf of Mexico, and southward into Mexico, with the exception of both coasts of southern Florida. The Gulf flounder is found in a continuous range from North Carolina, along both coasts of Florida, across the Gulf of Mexico to Texas.

source: gcrl.usm.edu
Speckled ​Sanddab​
Speckled ​Sanddab​

The Pacific sanddab can best be distinguished from the longfin sanddab by the length of the pectoral fin on the eyed side. It is always shorter than the head of the Pacific sanddab and longer than the head of the longfin.

image: alamy.com
Spotted ​Halibut​
Spotted ​Halibut​

Halibut and flounders differ in size, scales, teeth and the way in which they lie on the ocean floor. Halibut and flounders are both flatfish, but they are only distantly related within that taxon. They are often mistaken for one another. Halibut are the largest of the flatfish, with some ...

source: reference.com
Starry ​Flounder​
Starry ​Flounder​

The starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus), also known as the grindstone, emerywheel and long-nosed flounder, is a common flatfish found around the margins of the North Pacific.

Stone ​Flounder​
Stone ​Flounder​

The stone flounder (Kareius bicoloratus) is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on sandy and muddy bottoms in coastal areas at depths of up to 150 metres (490 ft).

Summer ​Flounder​
Summer ​Flounder​

The summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) is a marine flatfish that is found in the Atlantic Ocean off the East coast of the United States and Canada. It is especially abundant in waters from North Carolina to Massachusetts.

image: si.edu
Winter ​Flounder​
Winter ​Flounder​

The winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, (also known as black back) is a right-eyed ("dextral") flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is native to coastal waters of the western north Atlantic coast, from Labrador, Canada to Georgia, United States, although it is less common south of Delaware Bay.

Witch​
Witch​

Glyptocephalus cynoglossus, known in English by a variety of common names including the witch, witch flounder, pole flounder, craig fluke, Torbay sole and grey sole, is a species of flatfish from the family Pleuronectidae.

Yellowfin Sole​
Yellowfin Sole​

The yellowfin sole (Limanda aspera) is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on soft, sandy bottoms at depths of up to 700 metres (2,300 ft), though it is most commonly found at depths of around 91 metres (299 ft).

image: gtiinc.com
Yellowtail ​Flounder​
Yellowtail ​Flounder​

The yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) is a species of fish in the family Pleuronectidae. It is found in the western North Atlantic from southern Labrador to Chesapeake Bay.