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Types of Foodborne Illness

Campylobacter
Campylobacter

Most human illness is caused by one species, called Campylobacter jejuni, but human illness can also be caused by other species. Campylobacter jejuni grows best at the body temperature of a bird, and seems to be well adapted to birds, who carry it without becoming ill.

Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter)
Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter)

Campylobacter jejuni is the most common cause of bacterial foodborne illness in the United States. . Most cases of campylobacteriosis are associated with eating raw or undercooked poultry.

Clostridium Perfringens
Clostridium Perfringens

Clostridium perfringens is one of the most common types of foodborne illness in the United States. CDC estimates it causes nearly 1 million cases of foodborne illness each year. CDC estimates it causes nearly 1 million cases of foodborne illness each year.

source: cdc.gov
Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium)
Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium)

Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasites, Cryptosporidium, that can live in the intestine of humans and animals and is passed in the stool of an infected person or animal.

E Coli
E Coli

E. coli O157:H7 and other STECs like E. coli O145 and E. coli O121:H19 produce a toxin called Shiga toxin, which causes illness in humans. E. coli bacteria do not make animals such as livestock and deer, which harbor the bacteria in their intestines, ill.

image: newsela.com
Escherichia Coli O157:H7 Infection (E
Escherichia Coli O157:H7 Infection (E

Read about the Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infections Linked to Romaine Lettuce Learn about E. coli infections and how they can be prevented Escherichia coli (abbreviated as E. coli) are bacteria found in the environment, foods, and intestines of people and animals.

source: cdc.gov
Giardiasis (Giardia)
Giardiasis (Giardia)

Giardiasis is a diarrheal disease caused by the microscopic parasite Giardia. A parasite is an organism that feeds off of another to survive. Once a person or animal (for example, cats, dogs, cattle, deer, and beavers) has been infected with Giardia, the parasite lives in the intestines and is passed in feces (poop).

Listeria
Listeria

Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne disease-causing bacteria; the disease is called listeriosis. Pregnant women and persons with weakened immune systems are most vulnerable to the Listeria bacterium, which produces symptoms of fever, muscle aches, nausea, and diarrhea when ingested.

Listeriosis (Listeria Monocytogenes)
Listeriosis (Listeria Monocytogenes)

Listeriosis is a serious infection usually caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. An estimated 1,600 people get listeriosis each year, and about 260 die. The infection is most likely to sicken pregnant women and their newborns, adults aged 65 or older, and people with weakened immune systems.

source: cdc.gov
Norovirus
Norovirus

For more information about the foodborne burden of norovirus illness, see the CDC Estimates of Foodborne Illness in the United States. How Norovirus Spreads.

source: cdc.gov
image: cdc.gov
Norovirus (Norwalk Virus)
Norovirus (Norwalk Virus)

Norovirus is a leading cause of foodborne illness. You can get norovirus from contaminated food or water, an infected person, or by touching contaminated surfaces. Norovirus causes inflammation of the stomach, intestines or both. This is called acute gastroenteritis. This leads you to have stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting.

image: cdc.gov
Salmonellosis (Salmonella)
Salmonellosis (Salmonella)

Salmonella bacteria are the most frequently reported cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacilli that can cause diarrheal illness in humans. They are passed from the feces of people or animals to other people or other animals.

Staphylococcus Aureus
Staphylococcus Aureus

Staphylococcal food poisoning is a gastrointestinal illness caused by eating foods contaminated with toxins produced by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (Staph). Staph is found on the skin and in the nose of about 25% of healthy people and animals.

source: cdc.gov
Toxoplasma
Toxoplasma

Toxoplasmosis is a rare form of food poisoning caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. It is the second leading cause of deaths attributed to foodborne illness in the United States, and the third leading cause of foodborne illness hospitalizations.

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