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Types of Formatting

Audio File ​Format​
Audio File ​Format​

A high-resolution audio file's "sample rate" refers to the number of samples recorded per second ... For the best sound quality, does the format really ...

source: cnet.com
Audio Video ​Interleave​
Audio Video ​Interleave​

Audio Video Interleave (also Audio Video Interleaved), known by its initials AVI, is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows software. AVI files can contain both audio and video data in a file container that allows synchronous audio-with-video playback.

Binary File​
Binary File​

The term "binary file" is often used as a term meaning "non-text file". Many binary file formats contain parts that can be interpreted as text; for example, some computer document files containing formatted text, such as older Microsoft Word document files, contain the text of the document but also contain formatting information in binary form.

Bitmap​
Bitmap​

The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.

BMP File ​Format​
BMP File ​Format​

GT Explains: What is the Difference Between JPG, GIF, PNG, BMP Image ... BMP (Bitmap) The native file format of the Windows platform is like the parent format to the ...

Comma-​Separated Values​
Comma-​Separated Values​

In computing, a comma-separated values (CSV) file is a delimited text file that uses a comma to separate values. A CSV file stores tabular data (numbers and text) in plain text. Each line of the file is a data record. Each record consists of one or more fields, separated by commas.

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Data ​Conversion​
Data ​Conversion​

Data conversion is technical process of changing the bits contained in the data from one format to another format for purpose of interoperability between computers. The most simple example of data conversion is a text file converted from one character encoding to another.

Document File ​Format​
Document File ​Format​

A document file format is a text or binary file format for storing documents on a storage media, especially for use by computers. There currently exists a multitude of incompatible document file formats.

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Executable​
Executable​

Executable file (program) EXE is a file extension for an executable file format. An executable is a file that contains a program - that is, a particular kind of file that is capable of being executed or run as a program in the computer.

Filename​
Filename​

In a computer, a file format is the layout of a file in terms of how the data within the file is organized. A program that uses the data in a file must be able to recognize and possibly access data within the file.

image: youtube.com
Formatted Text​
Formatted Text​

Formatted text is any text that contains special formatting such as font size, font color, bold, italic, etc. When copying text, formatted text is any text that keeps its settings from where it is copied. For example, if you copied text that was bold and then pasted it into a program supporting bold text, the text would remain bold. However, if you pasted the text into a program that did not ...

GIF​
GIF​

The Graphics Interchange Format, better known by its acronym GIF (/ dʒ ɪ f / JIF or / ɡ ɪ f / GHIF), is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the bulletin board service (BBS) provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987.

image: gfycat.com
Image File ​Formats​
Image File ​Formats​

Image file formats are standardized means of organizing and storing digital images. Image files are composed of digital data in one of these formats that can be rasterized for use on a computer display or printer.

JPEG​
JPEG​

The JPEG standard specifies the codec, which defines how an image is compressed into a stream of bytes and decompressed back into an image, but not the file format used to contain that stream. The Exif and JFIF standards define the commonly used formats for interchange of JPEG-compressed images.

MP3​
MP3​

MP3 (or mp3) as a file format commonly designates files containing an elementary stream of MPEG-1 audio and video encoded data, without other complexities of the MP3 standard.

MPEG-4 Part ​14​
MPEG-4 Part ​14​

But since MPEG-4 Part 14 is a container format, MPEG-4 files may contain any number of audio, video, and even subtitle streams, therefore it is impossible to determine the type of streams in an MPEG-4 file based on its filename extension alone.

Multimedia​
Multimedia​

2) To format (verb) a document or file for printing or displaying is to add the necessary information to it so that the output device will know how to present the output. 3) To format (verb) a hard disk or diskette is to set up the space divisions on the medium and initiate a space allocation table that will know exactly how to reach each bit of data that may be stored there later.

image: visualcv.com
PDF​
PDF​

Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format used to present and exchange documents reliably, independent of software, hardware, or operating system. Invented by Adobe, PDF is now an open standard maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

Plain Text​
Plain Text​

For instance, rich text such as SGML, RTF, HTML, XML, wiki markup, and TeX rely on plain text. According to The Unicode Standard, plain text has two main properties in regard to rich text: "plain text is the underlying content stream to which formatting can be applied." "Plain text is public, standardized, and universally readable.".

Portable ​Network Graphics​
Portable ​Network Graphics​

Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced / ˌ p iː ɛ n ˈ dʒ iː / PEE-en-JEE or / p ɪ ŋ / PING) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression. PNG was created as an improved, non-patented replacement for Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), and is the most widely used lossless image compression format on the Internet.

Ppt​
Ppt​

PowerPoint presentation (Microsoft) PPT is a file extension for a presentation file format used by Microsoft PowerPoint, the popular presentation software commonly used for office and educational slide shows. All text images, sound and video used in the presentation are contained in the PPT file.

Psd​
Psd​

A .PSD file is a layered image file used in Adobe PhotoShop. PSD, which stands for Photoshop Document, is the default format that Photoshop uses for saving data. PSD is a proprietary file that allows the user to work with the images’ individual layers even after the file has been saved.

image: flaticon.com
Raw Image ​Format​
Raw Image ​Format​

The standard raw image format (ISO 12234-2, TIFF/EP) is not widely accepted. DNG, the potential candidate for a new standard format, has not been adopted by many major camera companies. (See "Standardization" section). Numerous different raw formats are currently in use and new raw formats keep appearing, while others are abandoned.

Rich Text ​Format​
Rich Text ​Format​

The Rich Text Format (often abbreviated RTF) is a proprietary document file format with published specification developed by Microsoft Corporation from 1987 until 2008 for cross-platform document interchange with Microsoft products.

Scalable ​Vector Graphics​
Scalable ​Vector Graphics​

Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation. The SVG specification is an open standard developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) since 1999.

TIFF​
TIFF​

Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.

image: iconbug.com
Video​
Video​

Video Formats. Ever wonder why a video that will play on one device, won’t play on another? Well that all comes down to video formats and which video format works with which players. Trying to figure out which video format is needed for the device you have can at times be a real head scratcher.

source: real.com
WAV​
WAV​

WAV is a file extension for an audio file format created by Microsoft. The WAV file has become a standard PC audio file format for everything from system and game sounds to CD-quality audio. Also referred to as pulse code modulation or waveform audio, a WAV file is uncompressed audio.

Xls​
Xls​

Worksheet file (Microsoft Excel) XLS is a file extension for a spreadsheet file format created by Microsoft for use with Microsoft Excel. XLS stands for eXceL Spreadsheet. Microsoft Excel files use a proprietary format for storing Microsoft Excel documents. This file format is known as the Binary Interchange File Format (BIFF).

Zip​
Zip​

The .ZIP file format was released into the public domain in 1989. Version history. The .ZIP File Format Specification has its own version number, which does not necessarily correspond to the version numbers for the PKZIP tool, especially with PKZIP 6 or later.

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