The alkaline fuel cell (AFC), also known as the Bacon fuel cell after its British inventor, Francis Thomas Bacon, is one of the most developed fuel cell technologies. NASA has used alkaline fuel cells since the mid-1960s, in Apollo-series missions and on the Space Shuttle.
Alkaline fuel cells consume hydrogen and pure oxygen producing potable water, heat, and electricity. They are among the most efficient fuel cells, having the potential to reach 70%. They are among the most efficient fuel cells, having the potential to reach 70%.
Expanded to include fuel cell R&D activities. 1976: Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976 : Created to "encourage and support accelerated research into and development of electric and hybrid vehicle technologies..." Authorized the Hydrogen Program (managed by National Science Foundation).
The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is a relatively recent addition to the suite of fuel cell technologies; it was invented and developed in the 1990s by researchers at several institutions in the United States, including NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
pafc pafc Phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFCs) consist of an anode and a cathode made of a finely dispersed platinum catalyst on carbon and a silicon carbide structure that holds the phosphoric acid electrolyte. They are quite resistant to poisoning by carbon monoxide but tend to have lower efficiency than other fuel cell types in producing ...
Phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFC) are a type of fuel cell that uses liquid phosphoric acid as an electrolyte.They were the first fuel cells to be commercialized. Developed in the mid-1960s and field-tested since the 1970s, they have improved significantly in stability, performance, and cost.
Proton-exchange membrane fuel cells, also known as polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells (PEMFC), are a type of fuel cell being developed mainly for transport applications, as well as for stationary fuel-cell applications and portable fuel-cell applications.
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells U.S. Department of Energy Announces $32.5 Million to Advance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technologies The U.S. Department of Energy and NETL have announced up to $32.5 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development (R&D) to advance solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technologies.
Home » Fuel Cells » Types of Fuel Cells Fuel cells are classified primarily by the kind of electrolyte they employ. This classification determines the kind of electro-chemical reactions that take place in the cell, the kind of catalysts required, the temperature range in which the cell operates, the fuel required, and other factors.