Bar Chart

A Bar Graph (also called Bar Chart) is a graphical display of data using bars of different heights.

source:
mathsisfun.com

Box Plot

The box-and-whisker plot is an exploratory graphic, created by John W. Tukey, used to show the distribution of a dataset (at a glance). Think of the type of data you might use a histogram with, and the box-and-whisker (or box plot, for short) could probably be useful.

source:
flowingdata.com

image:
help.plot.ly

Histogram

A histogram is a type of graph that has wide applications in statistics. Histograms provide a visual interpretation of numerical data by indicating the number of data points that lie within a range of values. These range of of values are called classes or bins.

source:
thoughtco.com

image:
johnkeim.blogspot.com

Line Chart

A line graph is a graphical display of information that changes continuously over time. A line graph may also be referred to as a line chart. Within a line graph, there are points connecting the data to show a continuous change.

source:
study.com

image:
conceptdraw.com

Pie Chart

A pie graph is a specialized graph used in statistics in which the relative proportions of parts of a whole are shown as different size wedges of a pie shape.

source:
whatis.techtarget.com

image:
statmethods.net

Scatter Plot

Scatter plot. A scatter plot (also called a scatter graph, scatter chart, scattergram, or scatter diagram)[3] is a type of plot or mathematical diagram using Cartesian coordinates to display values for typically two variables for a set of data. If the points are color-coded, one additional variable can be displayed.

source:
en.wikipedia.org

image:
statmethods.net

Stem-and-Leaf Display

Stem and Leaf Plots. A Stem and Leaf Plot is a special table where each data value is split into a "stem" (the first digit or digits) and a "leaf" (usually the last digit). Like in this example:

source:
mathsisfun.com

image:
tamibeikelboom.blogspot.com