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Types of Growth Disorders

Cushing's Syndrome (Cortisol, Stress, Hormone Excess) (top)
Cushing's Syndrome (Cortisol, Stress, Hormone Excess) (top)

Cushing's disease is used exclusively to describe the condition of excessive cortisol arising from a pituitary tumor secreting the hormone ACTH. Cushing's Disease: Symptoms The symptoms related to Cushing's disease and Cushing's syndrome are the same, since both are related to an excess of cortisol.

Disproportionate Short Stature (top)
Disproportionate Short Stature (top)

Disproportionate Short Stature Disproportionate short stature, commonly referred to as dwarfism, can manifest itself as short-limbed dwarfism or short-trunk dwarfism. The growth retardation results primarily from impaired growth of bone and cartilage.

source: hgfound.org
Human Growth Hormone (RhGH) Deficiency (top)
Human Growth Hormone (RhGH) Deficiency (top)

Growth hormone deficiency IA is autosomal recessive and is characterized by growth retardation in utero. Affected children are small in relation to their siblings. The infant usually has a normal response to administration of human growth hormone (hGH) at first, but then develops antibodies to the hormone and grows into a very short adult.

Hypothyroidism (top)
Hypothyroidism (top)

Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid) Part 1: Too Little Thyroid Hormone Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body lacks sufficient thyroid hormone. Since the main purpose of thyroid hormone is to "run the body's metabolism," it is understandable that people with this condition will have symptoms associated with a slow metabolism.

Intrauterine Growth Retardation (“IUGR”) (top)
Intrauterine Growth Retardation (“IUGR”) (top)

Causes of Intrauterine Growth Restriction IUGR has many possible causes. A common cause is a problem with the placenta. The placenta is the tissue that joins the mother and A common cause is a problem with the placenta.

source: webmd.com
Nutritional Short Stature (top)
Nutritional Short Stature (top)

Poor Nutrition and Systemic Diseases There are many diseases and disorders that can cause short stature and growth failure. Nutritional deficiencies will cause poor growth eventually – a balanced diet with adequate calories and protein is essential for growth. There are a number of intestinal disorders which may lead to poor absorption of food.

source: hgfound.org
Russell Silver Syndrome (top)
Russell Silver Syndrome (top)

Russell-Silver syndrome is a growth disorder characterized by slow growth before and after birth. Babies with this condition have a low birth weight and often fail to grow and gain weight at the expected rate (failure to thrive).

What Are Growth Disorders (top)
What Are Growth Disorders (top)

Chronic diseases that may impair growth include diabetes, congenital heart disorders, sickle cell disease, chronic kidney failure, cystic fibrosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Bone Disorders One form of extreme short stature (height) is caused by abnormal formation and growth of cartilage and bone.

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