Cushing's disease is used exclusively to describe the condition of excessive cortisol arising from a pituitary tumor secreting the hormone ACTH. Cushing's Disease: Symptoms The symptoms related to Cushing's disease and Cushing's syndrome are the same, since both are related to an excess of cortisol.
Growth hormone deficiency IA is autosomal recessive and is characterized by growth retardation in utero. Affected children are small in relation to their siblings. The infant usually has a normal response to administration of human growth hormone (hGH) at first, but then develops antibodies to the hormone and grows into a very short adult.
Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid) Part 1: Too Little Thyroid Hormone Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body lacks sufficient thyroid hormone. Since the main purpose of thyroid hormone is to "run the body's metabolism," it is understandable that people with this condition will have symptoms associated with a slow metabolism.
Poor Nutrition and Systemic Diseases There are many diseases and disorders that can cause short stature and growth failure. Nutritional deficiencies will cause poor growth eventually – a balanced diet with adequate calories and protein is essential for growth. There are a number of intestinal disorders which may lead to poor absorption of food.
Chronic diseases that may impair growth include diabetes, congenital heart disorders, sickle cell disease, chronic kidney failure, cystic fibrosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Bone Disorders One form of extreme short stature (height) is caused by abnormal formation and growth of cartilage and bone.