Aggressive periodontitis is a multifactorial disease with many complex interactions including host factors, microbiology and genetics. Host defences involve multiple factors; saliva, epithelium, inflammatory response, immune response and chemical mediators.
Chronic periodontitis is a form of periodontitis (gum disease) that progresses slowly over a long period of time. Like other forms of periodontitis, chronic periodontitis is caused by bacteria. The bacteria form plaque, a film that enables them to attach firmly to the surface of your teeth.
Gingivitis can be reversed and the progression of gum disease can be stopped in nearly all cases when proper plaque control is practiced. Proper plaque control consists of professional cleanings at least twice a year and daily brushing and flossing. Brushing eliminates plaque from the surfaces of the teeth that can be reached; flossing removes ...
Periodontal disease is an infection that affects the tissues and bone that support teeth. Necrotizing periodontal diseases result in the death (or necrosis) of tissues surrounding the tooth and connecting bone. This most commonly comes with pain, bleeding, and a foul odor. These infections can partly be caused by stress, tobacco use, malnutrition and HIV infection.
First, an untreated, long standing endodontic lesion may result in chronic, marginal periodontal breakdown. This is characterized by a non-vital pulp response, a deeply probing pocket, and the usual signs of periodontal disease such as plaque, calculus, and other indications of poor oral hygiene.