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Types of Hand Stitches

Back Tack
Back Tack

In sewing, to tack or baste is to make quick, temporary stitching intended to be removed. Tacking is used in a variety of ways: To easily hold a seam or trim in place until it can be permanently sewn, usually with a long running stitch made by hand or machine called a tacking stitch or basting stitch.

Backstitch
Backstitch

Backstitch is a hand sewing stitch that is useful for when the stitches will not show on the right side of a garment or project. It is an excellent hand stitch to sew a seam because it is one of the strongest and most redundant stitches, making it very reliable.

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Basting Stitch
Basting Stitch

Basting stitch – Hand & machine baste stitches for perfect sewing What is Baste Stitching ? Baste stitching refers to temporarily making loose straight hand stitches / machine stitches on different layers of fabric as an alternative to pinning them together. In hand basting Long running stitches ( 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch long) are used to do basting before they are replaced by permanent stitches.

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Basting Stitch (US)
Basting Stitch (US)

Hand basting is easier to remove than machine basting, and it is easier to maintain control of an area when you hand baste. Hand basting is sewn with a running stitch. A running stitch is easily removed. Pin the area together as you would sew the area. Thread a hand sewing needle and knot the thread. Place the knot on the edge of the fabric where it will not be sewn over by machine stitching. Do not baste exactly where you will be machine sewing.

Blanket Stitch
Blanket Stitch

To start your first true blanket stitch, poke your needle down from the top (#2 in photo D). This should be about 1/4" over from where the thread first came up, and about 1/4" up from the edge. To complete your first stitch, bring your needle up from the back, and through the loop of thread (#3 in photo D). This should create a straight line down from # 2 in the photo. Before pulling this stitch tight, be sure that your needle is in fact through the loop of thread, as shown in photos D and E.

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Blanket Stitch (Buttonhole Stitch)
Blanket Stitch (Buttonhole Stitch)

Tailors and seamstresses used the buttonhole stitch, which was the sturdiest stitch for hand-stitching buttonhole edges. This stitch is also referred to as the tailored buttonhole stitch. The way in which the stitch was created helped prevent fraying when the fabric was cut away.

Catch Stitch (Cross-Stitch)
Catch Stitch (Cross-Stitch)

Cross stitch a.k.a. Catch stitch Used to finish a hem or tack facings. The thread catches a thread or two on the hem, then on the garment, crossing itself on each half stitch. Creates a flexible hem with some give. Button-hole Stitch a.k.a Blanket Stitch The thread passes under itself on each stitch (forming a half-hitch), binding the edge of the fabric.

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Running Stitch
Running Stitch

A running stitch is created by simply running the needle and thread through the layers of fabric without back stitching. Q How to sew a running stitch. Thread the needle and knot the thread.

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Slip Stitch
Slip Stitch

A slip stitch is an easy way to sew a seam from the outside of a garment or item (like pillows or stuffed animals). This stitch is usually used for hems when the...

Standard Forward / Backward Stitching
Standard Forward / Backward Stitching

Back Stitch - what's it good for? Mending clothes by hand - the back stitch creates a strong seam and can reach awkward, fiddly places that a sewing machine can't. From the right side, the back stitch looks like a straight machine stitch, but the stitches overlap on the wrong side.

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ZigZag Stitch
ZigZag Stitch

How to Do a Zigzag Stitch by Hand. Two Methods: Simple Zigzag Stitch Zigzag Chain Stitch Community Q&A. The zigzag stitch is stretchy, durable, and nice to look at, making it very versatile in nature. Most sewing machines have a zigzag setting, but the zigzag stitch can also be worked easily enough by hand.

source: wikihow.com