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Types of Hawthorn

Crataegus × ​Lavalleei​
Crataegus × ​Lavalleei​

Crataegus × lavalleei is a hybrid hawthorn of C. stipulacea x C. crus-galli. It was discovered around 1870 growing at the Arboretum Segrez near Paris, France. The Arboretum was purchased in 1856 by Alphonse Martin Lavallee, 19th century French horticulturist, and thereafter developed by him.

Crataegus ​Aemula​
Crataegus ​Aemula​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

Crataegus ​Aestivalis​
Crataegus ​Aestivalis​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

Crataegus ​Altaica​
Crataegus ​Altaica​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

Crataegus ​Ambigua​
Crataegus ​Ambigua​

Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Russian Hawthorn (Crataegus ambigua) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden.

Crataegus ​Aprica​
Crataegus ​Aprica​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

image: pfaf.org
Crataegus ​Azarolus​
Crataegus ​Azarolus​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

Crataegus ​Berberifolia​
Crataegus ​Berberifolia​

Click on image for full screen view. Barberry Hawthorn, Bigtree Hawthorn Crataegus berberifolia . Rosaceae. Barberry hawthorn grows in east Texas in fertile, moist sites.

Crataegus ​Biltmoreana​
Crataegus ​Biltmoreana​

Crataegus biltmoreana is one of several species of hawthorns that has an affinity for ... Crataegus stonei: ... Crataegus biltmoreana Beadle N. Biltmore hawthorn.

Crataegus ​Brachyacantha​
Crataegus ​Brachyacantha​

Crataegus brachyacantha; Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Rosids: Order: Rosales: Family: Rosaceae: Genus: Crataegus: Series: Brevispinae (Beadle ex C.K.Schneid.) Rehder: Species: C. brachyacantha: Binomial name; Crataegus brachyacantha Sarg. & Engelm.

Crataegus ​Calpodendron​
Crataegus ​Calpodendron​

Crataegus calpodendron is a species of hawthorn native to much of the eastern United States and to Ontario, Canada. The common name late hawthorn refers to the flowering time, which is later than most North American hawthorns.

Crataegus ​Chrysocarpa​
Crataegus ​Chrysocarpa​

Crataegus chrysocarpa is a deciduous Tree growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Midges. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.

source: pfaf.org
Crataegus ​Coccinea​
Crataegus ​Coccinea​

Crataegus pringlei: leaf blades broad-ovate to suborbicular, usually rounded at the base, often convex in life, and thorns mostly 15–35 mm long (vs. C. coccinea, with leaf blades ovate to broad-ovate, usually truncate to subcordate at the base, +/- plane in life, and thorns mostly 25–60 mm long).

Crataegus ​Coccinioides​
Crataegus ​Coccinioides​

Crataegus coccinioides is a species of hawthorn known by the common names Kansas hawthorn and large-flowered cockspurthorn. Crataegus coccinioides is native from Kansas, to New England, and the southernmost parts of Ontario and Quebec.

Crataegus ​Crus-Galli​
Crataegus ​Crus-Galli​

Crataegus truncata Sarg. Crataegus crus-galli is a species of hawthorn known by the common names cockspur hawthorn and cockspur thorn. It is native to eastern North America from Ontario to Texas to Florida, and it is widely used in horticulture.

Crataegus ​Cuneata​
Crataegus ​Cuneata​

Crataegus cuneata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 15 m (49ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Midges.

source: pfaf.org
Crataegus ​Dahurica​
Crataegus ​Dahurica​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

Crataegus ​Douglasii​
Crataegus ​Douglasii​

Crataegus douglasii is a North American species of hawthorn known by the common names black hawthorn and Douglas' thornapple. It is named after David Douglas, who collected seed from the plant during his botanical explorations.

Crataegus ​Erythropoda​
Crataegus ​Erythropoda​

Crataegus erythropoda is a hawthorn native to the southern Rocky Mountains in the United States. The leaves are conspicuously shiny above and fruit ("haws") are dark purplish red. It is seldom cultivated, but at one time was listed in the nursery trade under the common name "Chocolate Haw".

image: qscaping.com
Crataegus ​Flabellata​
Crataegus ​Flabellata​

Crataegus flabellata is a species of hawthorn known by the common name fanleaf hawthorn. It is native to the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. It is intermediate in appearance between C. macrosperma and C. chrysocarpa.

Crataegus ​Flava​
Crataegus ​Flava​

Crataegus flava Hook. Crataegus flava, common names summer haw and yellow-fruited thorn, is a very rare species of hawthorn that was long known in cultivation in England but apparently is no longer grown.

Crataegus ​Heldreichii​
Crataegus ​Heldreichii​

Crataegus (/ k r ə ˈ t iː ɡ ə s /; from the Greek kratos "strength" and akis "sharp", referring to the thorns of some species) commonly called hawthorn, thornapple, May-tree, whitethorn, or hawberry, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America.

image: reherb.eu
Crataegus ​Holmesiana​
Crataegus ​Holmesiana​

Like other hawthorns (Crataegus), Holmes' hawthorn has edible fruits. ... Crataegus holmesiana Ashe N. Holmes’ hawthorn. Crataegus anomala Sarg., ...

Crataegus ​Intricata​
Crataegus ​Intricata​

Crataegus intricata is a small hawthorn that, like some of its near relatives, have an affinity for relatively pristine habitats. It is often found in rocky woodlands and along open ridges.

Crataegus ​Laevigata​
Crataegus ​Laevigata​

Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn, English hawthorn, woodland hawthorn or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn native to western and central Europe, from Great Britain (where it is largely confined to lowland ancient woodland) and Spain east to the Czech Republic and Hungary.

Crataegus ​Macrosperma​
Crataegus ​Macrosperma​

Crataegus macrosperma is a deciduous Tree growing to 8 m (26ft) by 8 m (26ft). It is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in September.

source: pfaf.org
Crataegus ​Marshallii​
Crataegus ​Marshallii​

Parsley Hawthorn, Parsleyleaf Hawthorn Crataegus marshallii . Rosaceae. Parsley hawthorn is a beautiful small tree covered with clusters of dainty white flowers with red stamens in early spring, followed by lacelike, light green parsley-shaped leaves and red fruit (haws) in the fall.

Crataegus ​Maximowiczii​
Crataegus ​Maximowiczii​

Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Hawthorn (Crataegus maximowiczii) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. plantfiles forums

Crataegus ​Mollis​
Crataegus ​Mollis​

Crataegus mollis, known as downy hawthorn or red hawthorn, occurs in eastern North America from southeastern North Dakota east to Nova Scotia and southwest to eastern Texas. This tree inhabits wooded bottomlands, the prairie border, and the midwest savanna understorey.

image: tulaoer.org
Crataegus ​Nigra​
Crataegus ​Nigra​

Crataegus nigra, the Hungarian thorn or Hungarian hawthorn, is a black-fruited species of hawthorn native to Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Albania and Yugoslavia. The fruit, which is up to 10 mm across, can be consumed fresh or cooked.

Crataegus ​Orientalis​
Crataegus ​Orientalis​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

Crataegus ​Pedicellata​
Crataegus ​Pedicellata​

Crataegus pedicellata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen in October.

source: pfaf.org
Crataegus ​Pentagyna​
Crataegus ​Pentagyna​

Crataegus pentagyna, also called small-flowered black hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn native to southeastern Europe. Two subspecies are recognized, C. p. subsp. pentagyna and C. p. subsp. pseudomelanocarpa.

Crataegus ​Phaenopyrum​
Crataegus ​Phaenopyrum​

The word haw also means hedge, the hawthorn thus being a thorny hedge. Washington hawthorn is native from Virginia to Missouri, Arkansas and Alabama. Washington hawthorn is native from Virginia to Missouri, Arkansas and Alabama.

Crataegus ​Pinnatifida​
Crataegus ​Pinnatifida​

The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid. A closely related species, Crataegus cuneata (Japanese hawthorn, called sanzashi in Japanese) is used in a similar manner.

Crataegus ​Pruinosa​
Crataegus ​Pruinosa​

Crataegus pruinosa is a species of hawthorn known by the common name frosted hawthorn. It is native to a wide area of the eastern United States and southern Canada, and is sometimes considered to be several species, rather than just one.

Crataegus ​Punctata​
Crataegus ​Punctata​

Crataegus punctata is a species of hawthorn known by the common names dotted hawthorn or white haw that is native to most of the eastern United States and eastern Canada.

Crataegus ​Rhipidophylla​
Crataegus ​Rhipidophylla​

Crataegus rhipidophylla is a species of hawthorn which occurs naturally from southern Scandinavia and the Baltic region to France, the Balkan Peninsula, Turkey, Caucasia, and Ukraine. It is poorly known as a landscape and garden plant, but seems to have potential for those uses.

image: alamy.com
Crataegus ​Rivularis​
Crataegus ​Rivularis​

Crataegus rivularis is a deciduous Tree growing to 4 m (13ft 1in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in October.

source: pfaf.org
Crataegus ​Saligna​
Crataegus ​Saligna​

Crataegus saligna is a species of hawthorn known by the common name willow hawthorn that is seldom cultivated and rather rare in the wild. Its native range is wet areas of western Colorado and northeastern Utah.

Crataegus ​Sanguinea​
Crataegus ​Sanguinea​

The Redhaw Hawthorn is botanically called Crataegus sanguinea. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 7 m (30 ft) high. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be undemanding.

Crataegus ​Scabrida​
Crataegus ​Scabrida​

Crataegus punctata: leaf blades on short shoots with convex to straight taper to the apex and flowers with 12-20 stamens (vs. C. scabrida, with leaf blades on short shoots with straight to concave taper and flowers with 5-10 stamens).

Crataegus ​Submollis​
Crataegus ​Submollis​

Quebec hawthorn is a large hawthorn with a stout trunk, and was among the first of the hawthorns to be noted by the colonists in Plymouth, Massachusetts. The fruits are inedible to people but likely are taken by birds.

Crataegus ​Succulenta​
Crataegus ​Succulenta​

Crataegus succulenta is a species of hawthorn known by the common names fleshy hawthorn, succulent hawthorn, and round-fruited cockspurthorn. It is "the most wide-ranging hawthorn in North America", native to much of southern Canada, and the United States as far south as Arizona, New Mexico, Kansas, Missouri, North Carolina, and Tennessee.

Crataegus ​Tanacetifolia​
Crataegus ​Tanacetifolia​

Crataegus tanacetifolia is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in September.

source: pfaf.org
Crataegus ​Tracyi​
Crataegus ​Tracyi​

Tracy Hawthorn, Mountain Hawthorn Crataegus tracyi . Rosaceae. Tracy hawthorn is endemic to Texas and is the most common hawthorn in west Texas, where it occurs on acidic, igneous soils. In the eastern part of its range it is usually a shrub, but in the Davis Mountains, it can reach a height of 20 feet.

Crataegus ​Triflora​
Crataegus ​Triflora​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

image: wlf.la.gov
Crataegus ​Uniflora​
Crataegus ​Uniflora​

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 320.

Crataegus ​Viridis​
Crataegus ​Viridis​

Crataegus viridis, commonly called green hawthorn, is native to the southeastern U.S. from Virginia to Florida west to Texas and up the Mississippi River valley to Illinois. In Missouri, it primarily occurs in low wet grounds and along streams in the southeastern and southwestern parts of the state.

Crataegus ​Wilsonii​
Crataegus ​Wilsonii​

The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid.

image: vdberk.co.uk

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