A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.
What is a coup contrecoup injury? Coup and contrecoup refer to a type of head injury and reference where the injury occurred relative to the point of impact. A coup injury occurs on the brain directly under the point of impact. A contrecoup injury occurs on the opposite side of the brain from where the impact occurred.
Diffuse axonal injury occurs in about half of all severe head traumas, making it one of the most common traumatic brain injuries. It can also occur in moderate and mild brain injury. A diffuse axonal injury falls under the category of a diffuse brain injury.
Injury, other health problems, infections, tumors, and even high altitudes -- any of these problems can cause brain swelling to occur. The following list explains different ways the brain can swell: Traumatic brain injury (TBI): A TBI is also called a head injury, brain injury, or acquired brain injury.
Headaches can also occur after mild to moderate injury or, in the case of severe TBI, after the initial healing has taken place. These headaches can be caused by a variety of conditions, including a change in the brain caused by the injury, neck and skull injuries that have not yet fully healed, tension and stress, or side effects from medication.
To minimize potential injuries, only those trained in CPR should perform rescue breathing. If you haven’t been trained, perform chest compressions until medical help arrives. If you’re trained in CPR, tilt the person’s head back and lift the chin to open up the airway.
A penetrating head injury, or open head injury, is a head injury in which the dura mater, the outer layer of the meninges, is breached. Penetrating injury can be caused by high-velocity projectiles or objects of lower velocity such as knives, or bone fragments from a skull fracture that are driven into the brain.
Some people experience a sense of spinning or dizziness for days, week or months after a brain injury. Post-concussion syndrome. Some people have symptoms — such as headaches, dizziness and thinking difficulties — a few days after a concussion. Symptoms may continue for weeks or months. Cumulative effects of multiple brain injuries.
What Are Head Injuries? Head injuries are injuries to the scalp, skull, or brain caused by trauma. Concussions are the most common type of sports-related brain injury with an estimated 1.6 million to 3.8 million sports-related concussions a year.
I too suffered a very serious head injury. Its been 12 years for me. Although I have recovered, I still have slurred speech from time to time especially if I am overtired. Also memory problems are a problem and family and friends don't seem to believe it. So frustrating. I don't even bother to explain anymore. It's exhausting ..
Weakness, numbness or decreased coordination Headache that gets worse and does not go away Repeated vomiting, slurred speech, seizures All of the above What is the leading cause of concussion? The leading cause of concussions is falls, which account for 40% of all trauamatic brain injuries in the U.S.