The saddle swell or fork (or, if you're English, pommel) is the part of the saddle that holds together the bars of the tree. It also supports the horn. There are three different styles of swells: the A fork (or "slick fork"), the swell fork, and the undercut swell fork.
They had a couple of Saddlesmith saddles there and they looked ok. But I wasn't sure if they looked good compared to all the junk sitting next to them or if they actually were better..lol. By no means they do not compare to a higher quality saddle like a custom or a Martin(at the time that was what I was looking at for a barrel saddle, the Sherri Cervi models).
There is a horn at the fron of the saddle which aids balance while the other hand holds the reigns.The saddles are desiged to be more comfortable and sturdy for ranch hands who spent long hours on horse-back oftern performing sharp turns.There are now around ten different types of Western saddle that have been adapted for the various disciplines of Western riding.
4. Classique jumping saddle. The Classique jumping saddle is a traditional flocked saddle with a unique tree and panel system. The WOW patented tree with lateral flexion means that as the horse moves, the tree twists from side to side to allow freedom of movement. The saddle’s pointless panel system provides a greater bearing surface.
The solid saddle tree was a later invention, and though early stirrup designs predated the invention of the solid tree, the paired stirrup, which attached to the tree, was the last element of the saddle to reach the basic form that is still used today.
Saddle seat is a style of horseback riding within the category of English riding that is designed to show off the high action of certain horse breeds. The style developed into its modern form in the United States, and is also seen in Canada and South Africa.