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Types of Hydrides

Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals: Metal Hydride
Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals: Metal Hydride

Hydrides containing alkaline-earth metals are prototypes for hydrogen storage materials. For this purpose the heat of formation and the mechanical properties are of fundamental interest. First- principles electronic structure methods provide systematic values for these materials properties.

Aluminium: Alumane, AlH
Aluminium: Alumane, AlH

The reaction with lithium hydride in ether produces lithium aluminium hydride: AlH 3 + LiH → LiAlH 4 Reduction of functional groups. In organic chemistry, aluminium hydride is mainly used for the reduction of functional groups. In many ways, the reactivity of aluminium hydride is similar to that of lithium aluminium hydride.

Boron: Borane, BH
Boron: Borane, BH

The development of the chemistry of boron hydrides led to new experimental techniques and theoretical concepts. Boron hydrides have been studied as potential fuels, for rockets, and for automotive uses. BoraneBall-and-stick model of borane, BH 3, which is highly reactive.

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Gallium: Gallane, GaH
Gallium: Gallane, GaH

Gallium is one of three elements that occur naturally as a liquid at room temperature, the other two being mercury and cesium. Gallium does not exist as a free element in nature and is sourced commercially from bauxite and sphalerite. Currently, gallium is used in semiconductor devices for microelectronics and optics.

image: lookchem.com
Indium: Indigane, InH
Indium: Indigane, InH

Indigane (also called trihydridoindium or indane) is the monomer with the chemical formula InH 3 (also written [InH 3]). It is a colourless gas that cannot persist undiluted. Indigane is the simplest of the indiganes. Unsolvated indigane will spontaneously autopolymerise, first to oligomers, and finally indium trihydride.

Thallium: Thallane, TlH
Thallium: Thallane, TlH

TlH 3: Molar mass: 207.4071 g ... it is unlikely that a thallium hydride species has been isolated. Thallium hydrides have been observed only in matrix isolation ...

image: quazoo.com

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