# Types of Inductive Arguments

Abductive Formal Abductive Reasoning

Abductive reasoning is the reverse of deductive reasoning. Abductive reasoning shares it's inference based style with inductive reasoning. In deductive reasoning, the conclusion is a direct result of the facts presented. Example: Some people cannot see (fact). The condition when you cannot see is known as blindness (fact).

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Argument From Analogy

In this course, you will learn what distinguishes inductive arguments from deductive arguments and then how to analyze and assess five common forms of inductive arguments: generalizations from samples, applications of generalizations, inference to the best explanation, arguments from analogy, and causal reasoning.

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Biases

Inductive reasoning (as opposed to deductive reasoning or abductive reasoning) is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion. While the conclusion of a deductive argument is certain, the truth of the conclusion of an inductive argument may be probable, based upon the evidence given.

Causal Inference

Causal reasoning is used when supporting a causal claim, that is, a claim that something is probably the cause of an effect. Like inductive generalizations, causal arguments can be applied to empirical evidence. Causal arguments are only probably because it is always possible we have overlooked something.

Deductive Formal Deductive Reasoning Informal Deductive Reasoning

Informal logic is usually called inductive logic. Reasoning based on informal, inductive logic moves from statements of evidence (the premises) to a conclusion that extrapolates from, amplifies, or generalizes the evidence.

Generalization

(This for of inductive reasoning proceeds from a generalization to a conclusion about an individual or sample.) All policemen who are at least 40 years of age have apprehended at least 2 traffic violators. Thomas is a policeman who is 43 years of age.

Inductive Formal Inductive Reasoning Informal Inductive Reasoning

Inductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning is the opposite of deductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning makes broad generalizations from specific observations. Basically, there is data, then conclusions are drawn from the data. This is called inductive logic, according to Utah State University. "In inductive inference, we go from the specific to the general.

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Prediction

Inductive Argument Examples Here are several examples of Inductive Arguments. GENERALIZATION (The generalization, or the conclusion, proceeds from the specific examples or samples provided.) There are basketball players from the 1980s who have scored at least 5 points on average. Therefore, basketball players from the 1980s have scored at least 5 points on average. Jack and John are guitarists ...

Simple Induction

In this course, you will learn what distinguishes inductive arguments from deductive arguments and then how to analyze and assess five common forms of inductive arguments: generalizations from samples, applications of generalizations, inference to the best explanation, arguments from analogy, and causal reasoning.

source: coursera.org
Statistical Syllogism

In a statistical syllogistic argument (or a statistical syllogism) one of the premises is a statistical generalization like the above examples. The other premise is a particular one in the sense that it uniquely denotes one individual.