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Types of Intellectual Disability

Developmental Delay
Developmental Delay

Sometimes a developmental delay can be an early sign of learning issues. Sometimes it can be a sign of a genetic disorder or other medical condition. And sometimes a delay is just a delay. Some children eventually catch up and no longer have any developmental difficulties.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is an umbrella term for a set of disorders caused by the consumption of alcohol by a mother whilst pregnant. These conditions range in diversity from the full presentation of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), involving a characteristic set of facial features combined with growth and neuro-cognitive deficits, to a range of conditions affecting the neuro-behavioural presentations of the condition without all these features.

Fragile X Syndrome
Fragile X Syndrome

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability worldwide. It is caused by a mutation of the FMR-1 (fragile-X mental retardation) gene located on the X chromosome. This contribution explores the genetic and molecular basis of the disease and methods for its detection, as well as neuropathological findings.