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Types of Iris

Blackberry ​Lily​
Blackberry ​Lily​

Blackberry lily plant, Belamcanda chinensis, is the most commonly grown plant of the species, the only one cultivated. Belamcanda blackberry lilies are of the Iris family, and were recently renamed ‘Iris domestica.’ Flowers of Belamcanda blackberry lilies last just a day, but during the bloom season there are always more to replace them. Blooms are followed by a dry cluster of black fruits in autumn. Foliage is similar to the iris, reaching 1 to 3 feet tall.

Blue Iris​
Blue Iris​

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Blue Iris
Blue Iris

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image: mygarden.org
Cemetery Iris​
Cemetery Iris​

Heirloom White Cemetery Iris April is a good time to look for one of Texas' most prevalent heirloom iris - a tough survivor known as the 'White Cemetery Iris', or Iris albicans. It's a plant that has had a long journey getting to us - first used in North Africa as a decoration on gravesites, from there to Spain, and finally to the New World.

image: alamy.com
Crested Iris​
Crested Iris​

A characteristic golden yellow or white crest comes out of each fall; this is where the crested iris gets its name. Flowers are typically blue, lavender or white in color. Blooms in early spring. Foliage is narrow, green and swordlike, growing together in a fan shape. Leaves bend and droop slightly at the tips. Spreads freely by underground rhizomes. Plant size is three to nine inches tall and about 12 to 15 inches wide.

source: hgtv.com
Douglas Iris​
Douglas Iris​

Douglas Iris, Iris douglasiana is a knee high perennial with rhizomes that spread slowly into a 2 to 4 ft wide clump. The flowers arise on a 1 to 2 ft high stem, are cream to light purple and three inches wide. Douglas Iris is native from Santa Barbara to Oregon and likes full sun near coast, afternoon shade inland, some summer water.

Iris Albertii​
Iris Albertii​

Iris albertii is a species of iris found in Central Asia. It grows in the wild on grassy steppes at an elevation of 200 to 2000 meters, in sunny or semi-shaded locations. It is a member of the subgenus iris, meaning that it is a bearded iris, and grows from a rhizome. It grows to a stem height of 40 to 50 centimeters.

Iris ​Bismarckiana​
Iris ​Bismarckiana​

Iris bismarckiana (Nazareth Iris) is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Iris and in the Oncocyclus section. It is a rhizomatous perennial, from the mountainsides of Israel, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria.It has stoloniferous, spreading rhizomes, long, sword shaped, bright green leaves, long slender stem (taller than the leaves) and 1 flower in Spring (between March and April).

Iris Bracteata​
Iris Bracteata​

The condition of leaves ("bracts") extending up the stem that gave the species its name, is not exclusive to Iris bracteata. It is also found in several other Pacifica iris, though usually to a lesser degree. Additional Photos: Wild Iris bracteata, growing near Cave Junction, Oregon.

Iris ​Chrysographes​
Iris ​Chrysographes​

Iris chrysographes, commonly known as the black iris, is a plant species that belongs to the genus Iris. It is native to S China and Myanmar (Burma), growing in meadows, streamsides, hillsides and forest margins.

Iris Confusa​
Iris Confusa​

Iris confusa (also known as the Bamboo iris (simplified Chinese: 扁竹兰; traditional Chinese: 扁竹蘭; pinyin: Biǎn zhú lán) is a species of iris, it is also in the subgenus of Limniris and in the Lophiris section (crested irises). It is a rhizomatous perennial plant, native to Western China.

image: ebay.com.au
Iris Fernaldii​
Iris Fernaldii​

Iris fernaldii, with common name is Fernald's iris, is a species of iris endemic to western Northern California.. The plant is native to the Inner and Outer North California Coast Ranges, such as the Santa Cruz Mountains, and surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area.

image: fs.fed.us
Iris Fernaldii
Iris Fernaldii

Iris fernaldii, with common name is Fernald's iris, is a species of iris endemic to western Northern California.. The plant is native to the Inner and Outer North California Coast Ranges, such as the Santa Cruz Mountains, and surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area.

Iris ​Giganticaerulea​
Iris ​Giganticaerulea​

Iris giganticaerulea (giant blue iris') is a species of iris, it is also in the subgenus of Limniris and in the Series Hexagonae. It is a rhizomatous perennial, from northern America.

Iris Graminea
Iris Graminea

Iris graminea, is a species in the genus Iris belonging to the subgenus Limniris, in particular the series Spuriae. It is a rhizomatous perennial, with purple or violet blue flowers almost hidden by narrow, grass-like leaves, and a plum scented fragrance.

Iris Graminea​
Iris Graminea​

Iris graminea - MHNT Iris graminea, is a species in the genus Iris belonging to the subgenus Limniris, in particular the series Spuriae. It is a rhizomatous perennial, with purple or violet blue flowers almost hidden by narrow, grass-like leaves, and a plum scented fragrance.

Iris Hartwegii​
Iris Hartwegii​

Iris hartwegii is a species of iris endemic to California, where it can be found on low-elevation mountain slopes in the central counties.

Iris Haynei​
Iris Haynei​

Iris haynei (Gilboa Iris) is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Iris and in the Oncocyclus section. It is a rhizomatous perennial, from the shrublands and mountainsides of Palestine and Israel.

Iris ​Innominata​
Iris ​Innominata​

Iris innominata (Del Norte County iris) is a species of iris native to southern Oregon, and California along the north coast and Klamath Ranges in Del Norte County, California. The leaves are dense and evergreen, up to 20 cm.

Iris Innominata
Iris Innominata

Iris innominata (Del Norte County iris) is a species of iris native to southern Oregon, and California along the north coast and Klamath Ranges in Del Norte County, California.

Iris Lactea​
Iris Lactea​

Iris lactea is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Limniris. It is also in the Iris series Ensatae, it is the only species in the series. The Japanese water iris, Iris ensata, is actually in Iris series Laevigatae.

Iris Lacustris​
Iris Lacustris​

Iris lacustris (also known as dwarf lake iris), is a species in the genus Iris, subgenus Limniris and in the Lophiris section (crested irises). It is a rhizomatous, beardless perennial plant, native to the Great Lakes region of eastern North America.

Iris Lortetii
Iris Lortetii

Iris lortetii X Iris iberica: 'Iberian Gem', 'Mustapha Kemal', 'Shah-Shah'. Iris lortetii X Iris meda; 'Amboy Agate' Iris lortetii X Onco Hybrid: 'Alon', 'Bareket', 'Einav', 'Fiesta Charm', 'Hanit', 'Hefzi-Bah', 'Meirav', 'Mohave Queen', 'Mor', 'Mumtaz', 'Prince Abbas', 'Shah Abbas', 'Tirat Tsvi', 'Tslil'.

Iris Lortetii​
Iris Lortetii​

(SPEC) Iris lortetii Barbey . 1881, Botanical author Barbey Iris lortetii Barbey (William Barbey, 1881, Lebanon); ...

Iris ​Macrosiphon​
Iris ​Macrosiphon​

Iris macrosiphon, the bowltube iris, is a flowering plant in the iris family, endemic to California in the Cascade Range Foothills, north and central Sierra Nevada Foothills, Inner North Coast Ranges, and San Francisco Bay Area, where it occurs in sunny grasslands, meadows, and open woodlands.

Iris Munzii​
Iris Munzii​

Iris munzii is a species of iris which is endemic to the Sierra Nevada foothills of Tulare County, California, mostly in the vicinity of the Tule River.It is quite rare in the wild.

Iris Oratoria
Iris Oratoria

Iris oratoria, known by the common name Mediterranean mantis or (less frequently) iris mantis, is a widespread species of praying mantis native to Europe. It is found as an introduced species in the Middle East, Western Asia and the United States.

image: flickr.com
Iris Oratoria​
Iris Oratoria​

Iris oratoria, known by the common name Mediterranean mantis or (less frequently) iris mantis, is a widespread species of praying mantis native to Europe. It is found as an introduced species in the Middle East, Western Asia and the United States.

Iris Orjenii
Iris Orjenii

Iris orjenii, (the Orjen Iris), is a rare species of iris found in Montenegro and Hercegovina on the karst landscape of Mt. Orjen. It grows in the wild on grassy slopes at 1,500 to 1,700 m (4,900 to 5,600 ft), in sunny or semi-shaded locations within Bosnian Pine communities.

Iris Orjenii​
Iris Orjenii​

Iris orjenii, (the Orjen Iris), is a rare species of iris found in Montenegro and Herzegovina on the karst landscape of Mount Orjen. It grows in the wild on grassy slopes at 1,500 to 1,700 m (4,900 to 5,600 ft), in sunny or semi-shaded locations within Bosnian Pine communities.

Iris Purdyi​
Iris Purdyi​

Iris purdyi is a species of iris known by the common name Purdy's iris, named after Carl Purdy.It is found in the redwood forests of California and into southern Oregon, and hence is also known as the redwood iris.

image: fs.fed.us
Iris Sanguinea​
Iris Sanguinea​

Iris sanguinea is a rhizomatous flowering plant in the genus Iris and in the Iris series Sibiricae. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions. It is one of the species considered a Japanese iris.

Iris Subg ​Limniris​
Iris Subg ​Limniris​

Subgenus Limniris is one subgenus of beardless irises, which don't have hair on their drooping sepals, also called their falls. 'Limniris' is derived from the Latin for marsh or living-in-lakes Iris, or pond iris.

Iris Tenax​
Iris Tenax​

Iris tenax is a species of Iris, known by the common names tough-leaved iris, Oregon iris, or more colloquially, flag.

image: emswcd.org
Iris Tenuissima​
Iris Tenuissima​

Iris tenuissima purdyiformis, an unusual population Here is a clear example of how carelessly used labels can cause others serious confusion, unless we keep in mind the difference between a variety and a subspecies.

image: fs.fed.us
Iris Tuberosa​
Iris Tuberosa​

Iris tuberosa is a species of non-rhizomatous plant of the genus Iris, with the common names snake's-head, snake's-head iris, widow iris, black iris, or velvet flower-de-luce

Iris Xiphium
Iris Xiphium

Iris xiphium, commonly known as the Spanish iris, is an iris native to Spain and Portugal. It has also been found in Corsica, South West France, ...

Iris Xiphium​
Iris Xiphium​

Iris xiphium, commonly known as the Spanish iris, is an iris native to Spain and Portugal. It has also been found in Corsica, South West France, southern Italy, Algeria and Tunisia. This species is also known as the small bulbous-rooted iris.

Japanese Iris​
Japanese Iris​

Japanese iris care will include the division of the rhizomes every three to four years. Crowded plants tend to offer fewer blooms. Division keeps growing Japanese iris plants in optimum condition to provide the best possible bloom in summer.

Japanese ​Water Iris​
Japanese ​Water Iris​

Unlike many garden flowers, Japanese iris care does not involve planting in a well-draining soil. In fact, growing Japanese iris plants flourish in boggy areas, near ponds and water features or even potted and placed in these bodies of water. Water should be acidic.

image: flickr.com
Netted Iris​
Netted Iris​

One of my favorite early spring combinations is a purple-blue iris with a golden yellow crests grown with golden yellow crocuses that bloom at the same time. Smashing! Netted iris, come in white, yellow, and various shades of purple and blue depending on the cultivar.

Northern Blue ​Flag​
Northern Blue ​Flag​

Northern blue flag is an herbaceous perennial. Its botanical designation is Iris versicolor. The geographical element in its common name distinguishes it from Southern blue flag (Iris virginica), which, predictably, is the less cold-hardy of the two plants (growing zones 5-9).

source: thespruce.com
Roast-Beef Plant
Roast-Beef Plant

Iris foetidissima (Stinking iris, gladdon, Gladwin iris, roast-beef plant, stinking gladwin), is a species of iris found in open woodland, hedgebanks and sea-cliffs. Its natural range is Western Europe, including England south of Durham and also Ireland, and from France south and east to N. Africa, Italy and Greece.

Roast-Beef ​Plant​
Roast-Beef ​Plant​

Iris foetidissima (Stinking iris, gladdon, Gladwin iris, roast-beef plant, stinking gladwin), is a species of iris found in open woodland, hedgebanks and sea-cliffs. Its natural range is Western Europe, including England south of Durham and also Ireland, and from France south and east to N. Africa, Italy and Greece.

Rocky ​Mountain Iris​
Rocky ​Mountain Iris​

Iris missouriensis (syn. I. montana) is a hardy flowering rhizomatous species of the genus Iris, in the family Iridaceae. Its common names include western blue flag, Rocky Mountain iris, and Missouri flag.

image: flickr.com
Siberian Iris​
Siberian Iris​

The Siberian iris is adaptable to a range of planting times. To enjoy the blooms most readily, plant Siberian iris gardens from corms in late summer or autumn. If fall planting time has passed you by, and in more northern areas, planting Siberian iris in spring is perfectly fine; just don’t expect blooms the same year.

Sweet Iris​
Sweet Iris​

Sweet irises (Iris pallida ‘Variegata’) are often referred to as variegated iris or zebra iris plants because of their dramatic vertical stripping of gold, cream, white and bluish green foliage. It gets its other common name of dalmatian iris because it is native to Europe, specifically the Southern Alps and Dalmatia.

Yellow Iris
Yellow Iris

Iris pseudacorus is a fast-growing and fast-spreading invasive plant that can outcompete other wetland plants, forming almost impenetrable thickets, in much the same was as cat-tails (Typha) do. “Individuals produce from several dozen to several hundred rooted rosettes and flowering shoots connected by durable rhizomes” (Falinska 1986).

Yellow Iris​
Yellow Iris​

IRIS PSEUDACORUS L. yellow flag, pale yellow iris, water flag Iridaceae/Iris Family. pronounced: ee-ris sood-a-ko-rus from: iris (G.): Greek goddess of the rainbow and messenger to the gods

Yellowleaf Iris
Yellowleaf Iris

The yellowleaf iris, Iris chrysophylla, is a wildflower which ranges from midwestern and southern Oregon west of the Cascades and south to the crest of the Siskiyou Mountains in northern California. The yellowleaf iris grows up to 5,500 feet (1,700 m) elevation, most commonly in open, coniferous forests.