Muslim pilgrims perform the final walk (Tawaf al-Wadaa) around the Kaaba at the Grand Mosque in the Saudi holy city of Mecca on November 30, 2009. MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images At this moment, 2 million people from dozens of countries around the world are in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, to perform the hajj ...
: 12 Initially, Ibadi theology developed in Basra, Iraq. The Ibadis opposed the rule of the third caliph in Islam, Uthman ibn Affan, but unlike the more extreme Kharijites the Ibadis rejected the murder of Uthman as well as the Kharijite belief that all Muslims holding differing viewpoints were infidels.
The Six Kalimas (from Arabic كلمة kalimah "word") in Islam in South Asia are six significant parts of one's religious belief, mostly taken from hadiths (in some traditions, six phrases, then known as the five kalimas [clarification needed]).
The Kharijites (Arabic: khawarij; sing. khariji) were the first identifiable sect of Islam. Their identity emerged as followers of Muhammad attempted to determine the extent to which one could deviate from ideal norms of behavior and still be called Muslim.
A classical treatment of the Kharijites. Salem explores the emergence of the Kharijites, noting that no single “Kharijite” identity exists. (Salem considers the Wahhabis of Saudi Arabia the modern manifestation of the Kharijites.) Includes a discussion of Kharijite notions of state, law, jihad, and social theory. Thisis a useful survey of premodern sources on the Kharijites.
Sawm is fasting. It's the fourth of the Five Pillars of Islam. Muslims are required to fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. During the 29/30 days of Ramadan all adult Muslims must give up the following things during the hours of daylight: Food or drink of any sort.
Muslim Profession of Faith. The Shahada is the Muslim profession of faith and the first of the ‘Five Pillars’ of Islam. The word shahada in Arabic means ‘testimony.’ The shahada is to testify to two things: (a) Nothing deserves worship except God (Allah). (b) Muhammad is the Messenger of God (Allah).
Shia and Sunni Muslims fought and still fight each other. Since Shia were often the minority in a geographic area they had to hide their Shia identity in order to escape persecution by Sunnis. Muslims in general are permitted to hide their religion if revealing their faith would put them or their families in danger.
Sunni Islam (/ ˈ s uː n i, ˈ s ʊ n i /) is the largest denomination of Islam. Its name comes from the word Sunnah, referring to the exemplary behaviour of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims arose from a disagreement over the choice of Muhammad's successor and subsequently acquired broader political significance, as well as theological and juridical dimensions.
Traditionalist theology is a movement of Islamic scholars who reject rationalistic Islamic theology (kalam) in favor of strict textualism in interpreting the Quran and sunnah. The name derives from "tradition" in its technical sense as translation of the Arabic word hadith.
Traditionalist theology is a movement of Islamic scholars who reject rationalistic Islamic theology in favor of strict textualism in interpreting the Quran and hadith. The name derives from "tradition" in its technical sense as translation of the Arabic word hadith.