Each circuit has its own Court of Appeals that reviews cases decided in U.S. District Courts within the circuit. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit brings the number of federal appellate courts to 13. This court takes cases from across the nation, but only particular types of cases.
The District Courts have jurisdiction over: Traffic infractions and violations. Offenses classified as violations of state laws or county ordinances. Criminal offenses punishable by imprisonment not exceeding one year. Probable cause hearings for felony cases.
Family violence is much broader than many people realise. Most of us understand it includes physical acts such as punching, slapping, pushing or choking, as well as sexual abuse, including pressure to behave sexually in ways in which we are not comfortable.
Supreme Court Background Article III of the Constitution establishes the federal judiciary. Article III, Section I states that "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish."