APPELLATE JURISDICTION. The jurisdiction which a superior court has to bear appeals of causes which have been tried in inferior courts. It differs from original jurisdiction, which is the power to entertain suits instituted in the first in stance. Vide Jurisdiction; Original jurisdiction.
Concurrent jurisdiction occurs when more than one court has the authority to hear and decide a civil or criminal case. For instance, in the United States, both federal and state courts have concurrent jurisdiction to hear and decide many types of cases.
Exclusive jurisdiction is decided on the basis of the subject matter dealt with by a particular court. For example, the U.S. district courts have exclusive jurisdiction on bankruptcy matters [28 USCS § 1334]. Exclusive jurisdiction is conferred on courts by the U.S. constitution, various statutes or contract between the parties.
The original jurisdiction is contrasted with appellate jurisdiction, which is the court that hears a case when a verdict is appealed. We looked at the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, the federal courts, and how original jurisdiction is determined in state and local courts.
About the Supreme Court. Supreme Court Background Article III of the Constitution establishes the federal judiciary. Article III, Section I states that "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish." Although the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court, it permits ...
There are three main types of judicial jurisdiction: personal, territorial and subject matter: Personal jurisdiction is the authority over a person, regardless of their location. Territorial jurisdiction is the authority confined to a bounded space, including all those present therein, and events which occur there.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit was established under Article III of the Constitution on October 1, 1982. The court was formed by the merger of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the appellate division of the United States Court of Claims. The court is located in the Howard T. Markey National Courts Building on historic Lafayette Square in Washington, D.C.